Is your kid full of energy but appears to be impulsive and lack focus and attention? Chances are that he/she is having attention deficit with hyperactivity disorder or ADHD. Managing kids with ADHD requires lots of patience and understanding as they require extra care and attention. Engaging a hyperactive child’s mind and body while channelling their energy is the greatest method to handle them. Here are some tips and tricks to handle hyperactive children and teach them using fun and interesting activities.
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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity or ADHD:
Hyperactivity in children is characterised by irresponsible behaviour and excessive activity as a result of a lack of attention. Overly active children rarely get sleepy and generally have a limited attention span. Between the ages of 3 and 6 is when the first signs of ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) appear, and these symptoms can last throughout adolescence and adulthood.
Also, check ADHD in Kids: Symptoms and Remedies
The imbalance of two neurotransmitters adrenaline and dopamine in the brain is the main cause of hyperactivity in children. Most occurrences of hyperactivity are associated with ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder) and are linked to being the primary cause of ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder).
Signs and SymptomS :
- Trouble in staying focused on a task
- Often makes careless mistakes
- Difficulty sleeping
- Unable to sit still for several seconds to minutes
- Easily distracted
- Appears forgetful or losing things
- Difficulty in following instructions
- Frequently avoid tasks that require a long time
- Kids don’t listen even when someone is directly talking to them
- Inability to control oneself or be impulsive
- Interrupting conversation frequently to voice their opinions
- Excessive and uncontrolled movements
- Not able to interpret danger
- Desire for immediate reward
Also, check (Tips to increase concentration in Kids)
Tips to deal with kids with attention deficit with hyperactivity disorder:
1. Energy Channelization
ADHD kids have lots of energy but lack self-control and get distracted pretty fast. The best way to tackle this is to involve them in any extracurricular activities that can channel their energy and help them stay focused.
2. Help Them Manage Their Emotions:
Kids with attention deficit with hyperactivity disorder find it difficult to manage different emotions like anger, despair worry etc. Teach them about expressing and healthily handling these emotions.
3. Get them to relax:
“Nature is the greatest healer of all time”. Take your kids outside and let them play and enjoy the warmth of the sun and greenery around them which will calm down and relax them.
4. Reward System:
Encourage them to create order, be creative, maintain a schedule, follow rules and be polite to others. Give small rewards as they follow everything properly.
Also, check How to improve your child’s Memory?
5. Give them Second Chances:
ADHD or Attention deficit with hyperactivity disorder kids are similar to any other kids, it’s just that they require extra attention and care compared to others. Give them second chances if they fail in anything and don’t compare them with any other kids or be harsh with them. Teach them failure is not the end but the stepping stone to success.
6. Involve them in household work:
Household tasks can become enjoyable family activities when carried out together. Whatever you need to get done around the house—gardening, mowing the yard, cleaning the kitchen, cooking—divide your tasks among your children. Performing domestic duties fosters self-discipline, responsibility, and self-esteem.
7. Give them good books to read:
Providing your children with a variety of engaging books to read will encourage learning, memory, and intelligence. You grow as you learn more, but you don’t want to overburden your young children with information. Don’t forget to start with a few books and let your kids choose one or two to start with.
Also, check What is Sensory Processing Disorder?
8. Spend quality time with your kids:
Give your children the freedom to express their emotions and describe how they feel on a daily basis. Give them a sense of closure and freedom in expressing their ideas and feelings to you. Basically, pay them attention.
Certain Activities and games for kids with Attention deficit with hyperactivity disorder:
1. Martial Arts:
Due to the ideal combination of mental focus and physical effort they need, martial arts like Karate, Kung Fu, or Tae Kwon Do can be quite advantageous. Kids can benefit from this by learning how to focus their energies, develop self-control and self-discipline, to build and enhance coordination.
2. Team Sports:
Team sports help the kids with ADHD to develop their team spirit, and social skills as well as maintain their physical health. Games like football, volleyball, basketball etc require kids to cooperate with their teammates. They also help the kids to channel their energy, maintain focus and teach them about sportsmanship and healthy competition.
3. Yoga and Meditation for Sound Mind and Body:
Some kids have a lot of energy, so focusing on it constructively might help to calm them down. Both yoga and meditation will show them how to control that energy and have a mindful life. This will help kids become more aware of their surroundings and understand their emotions, assist them in maintaining present-focused attention, and ultimately, increase their span of attention and long-term memory.
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4. Creative Mind Games:
Art and craft are a great way of improving kids’ creativity, especially for kids with attention deficit with hyperactivity disorder. It demonstrates their capacity to channel all of their energy into creating something innovative and beneficial. It enhances the right – brain of the kids and brings out their vivid inner world through painting, colouring, drawing or other craft works.
5. Magic of Music:
Music is known to possess healing power. Because music stimulates both sides of the brain simultaneously and makes it easier for kids to multitask in a better way and retain information. It also calms down and relaxes them. Music along with dance helps to regulate their motor neurons and be in control of their movements as well as release their energy. Dancing and music keep in check both the mind and the bodies of the kids.
6. Mind Games:
Puzzles, Matching pairs, Chess, Carrom board etc can be both fun and engaging for kids with Attention deficit with hyperactivity disorder or ADHD. They train the brain and help in improving the attention span, focus and memory of the kids. It also boosts their confidence and increases their interest which makes it easier to keep them still in one place for a longer time.
Also, check 10 Activities for Brain Development in Kids
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