Who doesn’t love their skin? We all love our skin and do care for that. It’s a universal desire to have flawless skin. Yet, sometimes we find ourselves at a stage where we struggle to meet our skin expectations. Every day, our skin is exposed to dust, pollution, and ultraviolet radiation from the sun, all of which contribute to an uneven type of skin tone. And none of it is going to go away!
The colour differences or the uneven tone of the skin in humans are mainly due to the natural pigment granules present and the amount of the melanin produced. Melanin is pigment which is made by the cells in the skin which provides coloration to the skin and is responsible for the hyper pigmentation too. The light and the dark skin complexion depend on the amount of the melanin produced in your body. Moreover, it protects the human skin from the UV light radiation.
Causes of uneven type of skin tone:
As discussed earlier, the basic and the most common cause of uneven skin tone is the excess production of melanin pigment. The areas affected majorly include face, neck, hands, knees and elbows. There can be the various causes for the occurrence of uneven skin tone of which few are listed below –
- Excess sun exposure
- High production of melanin
- Heredity of skin pigmentation
- Inflammatory Diseases
- Pregnancy or hormonal causes
- Chemical or physical injury
- Frequent exposure to some cosmetic product
How Can I Even Out My Skin Tone?
The first and most important step is to select cosmetics that are appropriate for your skin type. Instead of correcting discoloration, using the wrong treatments might cause additional issues such as acne or dry, flaky skin. Don’t worry if you’re not sure which formulas are ideal for your skin type. Here’s some assistance:
Dry Skin: Use skin care products with more oils and lipids.
Oily skin: Look for “non-comedogenic” skincare products that are oil-in-water emulsions.
Combination skin: You can use both water in oil and oil in water emulsion skin care products
Normal skin: Keep your skin clean and moisturized. You can use water in oil emulsion products during the day and oil in water emulsion products at night.
NUTRITION, DIET AND HYDRATION:
Nutrition, diet and hydration plays an important role in skin nourishment. Proper diet including fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds and adequate hydration results in improving skin tone, skin cell turnover and texture.
DARK GREEN VEGETABLES:
Time to add dark green veggies in your cart. Dark green veggies such as kale, spinach, broccoli, peas, zucchini and other leafy vegetables contain a good number of vitamins and minerals. They also contain carotenoids that help in reducing the oxidative stress and act as a filter to UV radiation which helps in reducing the unevenness in the skin. (How to overcome from iron deficiency?)
Citrus fruits are the savior! Fruits such as lemons, orange, mandarin grapefruits are all packed with high amounts of vitamin C and vitamin A. They act as antioxidants and help reduce the free oxygen radicals in the body. Furthermore, they assist melanin production that can help fight discoloration. (Which food is powerhouse of vitamin C?)
Green tea is rich in antioxidants and flavonoids, which help reduce skin inflammation and melanin production in the skin. You can either add green tea to your regular diet or make a paste out of a spoonful of green tea and water to be used as a face mask. (Why do we need antioxidants?)
NUTS AND SEEDS:
Nuts and seeds are a good source of Omega 3 fatty acids, Magnesium, zinc and Vitamin E. They also have anti-inflammatory properties and also act as a preventive measure for acne. They regulate the hormones thus helping in reducing the skin unevenness of its kind. (Why it is Importance to include protein in kids diet?)
SWEET POTATOES AND CARROTS:
Carrots and sweet potatoes, both contain a good amount of beta carotene or provitamin A. These compounds when consumed, gets combined into your skin and acts as a natural sunblock.
Heard about water being the secret for healthy skin? Yes! It’s true. Drinking adequate water helps to flush out the toxins from your body, including your skin cells. This in turn helps in keeping the skin cells hydrated so that they can resist the sun exposure. (Summer drinks for kids)
Natural home remedies for even skin tone:
Apart from the cosmetic procedures and creams for the treatment of uneven type of skin tone, there are numerous ways in which you can lighten the skin pigmentation at home using natural remedies. Few of the remedies are anecdotal, but research suggests that the actives present in the ingredients works on uneven skin tone.
1. VITAMIN C:
The antioxidant properties of vitamin C play a significant role in the fight against dark spots. It is also in charge of giving you a more even skin tone. Furthermore, vitamin C inhibits melanin production, preventing uneven skin tone.
Niacinamide has been shown in a few tests to help brighten dark spots. Furthermore, it protects the skin from new discolorations. It lightens existing pigmentation and gives your skin a more even appearance. Additionally, it helps in reducing the dark circle.
3. LEMON CUCUMBER:
Together, lemon and cucumber are great ingredients for uneven type of skin tone. Vitamin C plays the major role here. These exfoliate, lighten and moisturize the skin. This combination is also suitable for oily skin. First, blend the slices of cucumber and add a few drops of lemon into it. Apply it to the skin and leave for around 20 mins. Usage of this remedy, twice a day for a month can leave your skin amazing.
4. MULTANI MITTI (FULLER’S EARTH):
It is considered as mother nature’s gift to heal a variety of skin problems. Its antibacterial powers and skin-fortifying ingredients assist to brighten the skin, clear the pores of all impurities, and prevent acne. Mix Multani mitti with raw milk and make a fine paste. Apply the paste on the affected areas and let it rest for 20-30 minutes. Rinse well with lukewarm water.
5. APPLE CIDER VINEGAR:
Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV) is one of the admirable skin lightening agents for uneven skin tone. ACV consists of acetic acid and polyphenols. The former part acts as a mild chemical peel in some cases and the latter one acts as an antioxidant that helps protect skin cells. The remedy can be used as – Mix equal parts of apple cider vinegar and water and apply it to the pigmented area. Keep it for 3-5 mins and rinse with lukewarm water. Avoid contact with the eyes and use higher concentrations.
6. ALOE VERA:
Aloe Vera is the king when it comes to skin. Aloin or Aloesin is the active ingredient that is present in Aloe Vera. This active could work effectively in reducing uneven type of skin tone over time. Moreover, it is also responsible for soothing and moisturizing the skin. The Fresh Aloe Vera or the Aloe Vera gel must be applied on the pigmented areas twice a day. The skin absorbs the actives and makes the skin soft. (How to treat heat rash?)
7. YOGURT OR MILK:
Another natural product that you may find in your kitchen is dairy products. Milk, Yogurt and even buttermilk contains lactic acid which tends to be effective in lightening the skin colour. As it is a dairy product, it also helps to rectify the Ph imbalances. The usage of any of these to reduce uneven skin tone is quite easy – Soak a cotton ball in the dairy product you wish to. Rub it over the pigmented skin twice a day. Let it rest for 10 min and rinse. You can also add honey or turmeric to it for better results.
Papaya is considered as a natural exfoliant as it contains fruit acid and enzyme, papain being the major one. It helps in breaking down the skin cells in and improves the skin by breaking the topmost layer of the skin. Papaya is rich in vitamins, minerals and antioxidants which helps reduce the age spots on the skin. Grate the papaya or blend it and apply the juice on the skin, rest it for 15 mins and rinse. Apply daily for a month to notice the changes. (Which foods can help to keep liver healthy?)
Turmeric has been used to treat skin disorders since ancient times. The major active ingredient in turmeric is curcumin. It has antibacterial properties and acts as a bleaching agent. Besides, to some extent it’s been shown to reduce the melanin production in the skin thus reducing the uneven type of skin tone. Daily apply turmeric mixed with lemon juice or raw milk on the skin for 20 mins and rinse with cold water. (How to use immunity powder?)
Recipe: beetroot bread pakora with hidden nuts and herbs
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