Have you noticed your child laughing out or crying at the peak of his throat for absolutely no reason? Or, Does your kid keep crying, blabbering, not able to make eye contact or express himself? When abrupt activities of the child become abnormally repetitive, it rings an alarm of “Autism” in the ears of the parents! The child’s behaviour must be understood in order to get exactly what he is trying to convey. Such behaviours in the long run can negatively affect the child. Hence, understanding your child along with practising behaviour therapy can help them manage the behavioural issues.
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So what exactly is ABA?
A scientific method for analysing behaviour is called Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA). A set of guiding principles known as ABA are concerned with how learning occurs as well as how behaviours change or are impacted by the environment.
To improve and teach new behaviours, ABA calls for the application of well-established learning principles, behavioural methods, and contextual changes.Positive reinforcement is used to teach new abilities and alter behaviours in autistic children using a variety of adaptable strategies and interventions. The entire family’s quality of life would increase if you chose ABA behavioural therapy for your child.
Benefits of BEHAVIOUR Therapy:
1. Beginning early :
Early on, before learnt actions become ingrained, it is simpler to mould a child’s behaviour. It is considerably more challenging to “unlearn” a behaviour once it has been taught or grasped (based on a child’s environment and experiences) and to replace it with another habit.Early start of ABA therapy for autistic children increases the likelihood that they will gain critical developmental abilities like social, language, and communication skills at ease.
2. Need for improvement is understood:
It helps to understand the specific behavioural patterns of the child and eventually helps in creating targeted treatments specific with respect to the severity of the symptoms, to rectify and improvise those behaviours and replace them with the positive ones by providing rewards.
3. Improves Skills for Independent Living:
Children with Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) could require support and good guidance in learning basic and necessary life skills. This includes activities like brushing teeth, using the restroom, dressing well, sleeping through the night, and other self-care and self-grooming activities. As a result, the child becomes more independent and better able to follow directions.
4. Encourages improved parenting:
Parenting a child with ASD is highly challenging as it demands a deeper and complete understanding of the child’s behaviour and interests.The therapist creates a structured treatment plan that takes into account the particular requirements and developmental objectives of your kid. Being a part of this approach and utilising the specially designed ABA-based techniques can be very powerful for you.
5. Enhances social competencies:
When educating a child how to connect with people, ABA works wonders. From exchanging smiles, to sharing food, playing in groups, requesting for something politely, etc, ABA therapy teaches the child to live life competently despite their limitations and keep up with high confidence all throughout.
Wondering how ABA works as wonders?
Individuals with autism present with very unique strengths and weakness areas that they need to work upon in preferences. Thus, they need to be worked upon depending on what their specific needs are. One need at a time!
Let us look at some of the therapeutic activities that can be used as a part of the ABA therapy.
1. VISUAL SCHEDULING:
It has been established that many autistic kids learn best visually. This means that it can be useful to create a visual schedule outlining the steps of a work that helps in strongly building up cognitive skills. For eg: Making a pictorial schedule of daily activities starting from waking up, brushing teeth, Nature’s call, taking shower, etc that will make the kids aware of what needs to be done and what comes next. This imparts in them a sense of priority for performing different tasks along the day.
2. Involving children in daily decisions:
Children enjoy taking part and getting their parent’s approval. When done jointly, even the most boring jobs may be enjoyable. Everyday, making the kids to visually learn about different types of food products and deciding upon what items can go into the recipes will allow the kid to make the best possible choices of what he can!
3. Emotion sorting games:
This particular activity is based upon the movie “Inside Out”.This is a wonderful activity to investigate if your child has trouble controlling their emotions. Figures from Inside Out offer a lot of chances to teach kids about rage, grief, fear, disgust, and delight.
4. Situational workouts:
This game aids in the development of critical thinking and problem-solving abilities. Providing the child with a different set of situations and giving options to choose to deal with the same,will let the child to “think out of the box”. It will train the child in tackling different situations with ease.
5. Counting and sorting games:
Most of the major disciplines start with the ability to sort. Learning language, arithmetic, and science requires the capacity to differentiate between the traits and qualities of objects and to categorise them into various groups. For eg: Asking to sort the dice with even and odd numbers printed on their surface.
Diligent practice of such therapeutic activities backed up with a proper schedule can:
- Active responsive behaviour
- Enhance the expressive language skills
- Improvise the social interaction skills
- Strengthen self-help and academic skills
- Reduce the challenging behaviours
Is BEHAVIOUR THERAPY training possible at Home? Why not?
By using ABA techniques at home, you may help your kid retain what they have learned in the clinical setting and learn how to play a crucial role in their development. Additionally, it might hasten their development! Some families choose for a free ABA therapy at home method because ABA therapy and autism therapy in general can be costly. It doesn’t take a lot of talent to do Behaviour therapy. It involves dismantling a behaviour and rebuilding it using sturdy building bricks. You only need a little general education, some time, effort, and to be completely honest, a lot of patience. Carrying out a set of therapeutic activities as mentioned above, at home also makes a child feel more comfortable to workout in a familiar environment.
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