Dandruff: causes, remedies and tips that help

Did you often feel embarrassed to see white flakes on your shoulders? Are you tired of itching your scalp all the time? Did you feel uncomfortable to see the flakes coming off from your scalp while combing your hair? If you don’t know how to get rid of danduff, don’t worry we are here to help. Let’s dive deeper to know more about the causes, tips and remedies for dandruff.

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What is dandruff?

Dandruff is a condition that causes the shedding of dry white flakes from the scalp. These flaky particles may be visible on the shoulders and also in your head. It is neither communicable nor severe. However, it is often unpleasant and hard to manage. The dandruff affects the scalp but not the hair. Also, dandruff causes itchiness of the scalp. Fortunately, some of the home remedies and tips can help to manage the dandruff.

Also check, Foods that reduce hair fall

Causes of dandruff

The dandruff can be caused by various factors. Here are some of the causes:

  • Seborrheic dermatitis is a yeast infection that irritates the scalp and makes it flaky. It is usually more prevalent in those with oily skin. This condition will spike up during environmental changes and stress. It damages the scalp and causes hair loss.
  • Contact dermatitis is the irritation of the scalp caused by allergens like dyes. It causes dandruff which is usually associated with itchy rashes.
  • Dry scalp -The winter causes the drying of skin including the scalp thereby causing dandruff. The flakes will be typically smaller in dry scalp when compared to oily scalp.
  • Gender– Testosterone hormone influences the secretion of oil from sebaceous glands. Men are more likely to be affected than women.
  • Poor hygiene– This aggravates the situation. If you have a habit of not washing your hair for an extended period of time, using unwashed hair tools, and sleeping on dirty pillowcases and bed sheets, you can get dandruff. It’s time to break the habit!
  • Low immunity– People with Parkinson’s disease, HIV or epilepsy have low immunity and are more prone to dandruff.
  • Having other skin conditions like acne, psoriasis, eczema, and erythema can cause or aggravate seborrheic dermatitis.

Also check, Remedies for oily scalp

Home remedies for dandruff

The following are some of the home remedies for dandruff

1. Coconut oil 

Coconut oil is rich in Medium Chain Fatty acids (MCT). These MCTs are easier to burn and harder for the body to convert into fats. It is a rich source of Vitamin E and almost 100% fat. It is one of the simple home remedies for dandruff. Coconut oil has antibacterial and antifungal properties. You can frequently massage your hair with warm coconut oil and also a few drops of lemon juice and wash your hair after sometime. You can also mix coconut oil with essential oils like cedarwood oil to enhance the anti-dandruff properties.

Also check, Benefits of coconut oil

2. Neem

Neem is an extremely efficient home remedy for dandruff. It has antibacterial, antifungal and also anti-inflammatory porperties. Make a thick paste of neem leaves by crushing it. Apply it on your scalp. Wash it after some time.

Also check, Remedies for dry and frizzy hair

3. Garlic

Allicin, the main physiologically active component of garlic, has been discovered to be quite helpful in reducing oxidative stress and also inflammation in the body. It is also one of the simplest home remedies for dandruff. It has antifungal properties. Grind some garlic cloves to make a paste and add 2 teaspoons of honey.  Mix it and apply the paste on your scalp. Wash your hair after some time.

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4. Tulsi leaves

Tulsi leaves have both antibacterial and antifungal properties that help to treat dandruff. Grind a few tulsi leaves and 2 amla  to make a paste. Apply this paste gently on your scalp. Allow it to dry and rinse well.

Also check, How to boost immunity in kids

5. Curd

Curd is one of the easiest home remedies for dandruff. Mix ½ cup of curd and also 1 tablespoon of honey. Apply this to your hair and scalp completely. Keep it for about 20-30 minutes. Rinse well and ensure that all the residues of curd are washed off.

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6. Egg mask

‘Do not use it if you have an egg allergy.’ Eggs contain a lot of protein, saturated fats, vitamins, and also biotin. It has the ability to manage dandruff. Furthermore, it makes the hair shinier and healthier. Whip one or two eggs according to the length of your hair. Mix 1-2 tablespoons of olive oil to it. Whisk it until they are frothy. Apply on the hair and scalp. Make sure that the entire length of hair is covered. Tie and cover your hair with aplastic wrap. Rest it for 30 minutes. Rinse well.

Also check,Natural ways for hair growth

7. Banana and apple cider vinegar mask

This fruit is almost universally adored. Bananas are not only good for the body but also for the hair. They are high in potassium and contain a lot of moisture. Apple cider vinegar has antifungal properties. This combination is one of the most efficient home remedies for dandruff. Mash one banana. Mix 2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar. Whisk and make a paste. Apply thoroughly from roots to tips. Let it rest for 45-50 minutes. Rinse well.

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8. Fenugreek seeds

Fenugreek seeds are rich in protein and nicotinic acid that aids in managing many hair related issues like dandruff or dry hair. It do wonders to your hair. It also helps in reducing the hair loss and growing new hair on the spots. Soak the fenugreek seeds in water overnight. Grind it and add one 1 teaspoon of lemon juice. Apply it on your scalp and allow it to dry for sometime. Rinse well.

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9. Olive oil

Olive oil is high in vitamin E and omega-3 fatty acids, and it also has excellent emollient and protective properties. This oil is suitable for all hair types and makes the hair super soft. Furthermore, it aids in the retention of moisture in the hair, protects keratin, combats dandruff, and conditions the hair. Scalp revitalization, nourishment, and hair growth are all added advantages. It helps to treat dandruff. Simply, massage your scalp with olive oil before hair wash. You can also mix olive oil with essential oils like lemongrass oil to enhance the anti-dandruff property.

Also check, Essential oil for hair growth

10. Aloe vera

Aloe vera is also one of the effient remedies for dandruff. Vitamins A, C, and E are present in aloe vera. These vitamins all support healthy cell growth and lustrous hair by helping in cell turnover. Furthermore, aloe vera gel contains folic acid and vitamin B12. Your hair won’t fall out if you use either of these components. Massage your scalp with aloe vera gel and rinse it after sometime.

Also check, Remedies for premature greying in kids

Tips that help to manage the dandruff

  • Avoid touching your scalp because touching or scratching can also introduce dirt which can aggravate dandruff.
  • Wash your hair frequently to avoid oil build up
  • Avoid wearing hats or sarves
  • Comb your hair when it is dry
  • Get sufficient sleep and relax because stress can also increase dandruff

Also check, Foods for skin and hair of kids


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