Growth Hormone Deficiency in Kids

Do you feel your tiny tot isn’t growing the way he should? Does he seem short with respect to his age? Then it can be the sign of growth hormone deficiency! Being a parent you would certainly wish for your child to grow healthy and possess good height. A lack of growth hormone can develop early in life or later in development. Approximately one in 4,000 to 10,000 kids suffers from a lack of growth hormone. Children who receive a diagnosis early frequently make a full recovery. If the illness is not treated, it may cause delayed puberty and shorter than average height.

Let’s try to get a deeper understanding of it.

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What’s Growth Hormone deficiency? 

When the body does not produce enough growth hormone to support a child’s normal rate of growth, this condition is known as GH (Growth Hormone) deficiency.

One a simple note, its of two types:

  • Congenital Growth Hormone deficiency: Some newborns are born with this kind. They may also experience issues with different hormones. Some infants appear to be growing normally even though they were born with the disease until they were between 6 and 12 months old. There can be abnormal functioning of GH related genes.
  • Acquired Growth Hormone deficiency:  This happens when the body stops making enough GH to grow normally. It can begin at any point during the childhood and thus is called acquired GH deficiency.

Let us understand what might be the cause behind GH deficiency.

Causes

The causes again involve two types as specified earlier.

Congenital CausesAcquired Causes
1. Genetic abnormalities (GH gene malfunctioning)1.  Tumor’s , Infections, Injury to brain
2. Developmental defects2. Irradiation

Symptoms of GH Deficiency

Signs and symptoms of growth hormone deficiency include:

  • The face of a youngster could look younger than children of the same age
  • Delayed Puberty
  • Mild to Moderate chubbiness
  • Delayed Tooth development
  • Increased fat around the face and stomach
  • Low blood sugar levels
  • Muscle Weakness
  • Sluggish Hair growth

Can we do something about all this?

Continue reading to know about some remedies for it.

Remedies

The solutions to this include:

1. Growth hormone Therapy

The most typical treatment for  treating growth hormone deficiency in both children and adults include  growth hormone therapy injections of growth hormone into the body. Child will normally require daily growth hormone dosages after the doctor orders growth hormone therapy for him. However, the frequency of the growth hormone injections may vary depending on the severity of the disease.

Additionally along with this emotional therapy may be required.

2. Mental or Emotional Therapy

The GH deficiency can also significantly cast a negative impact upon the child’s mental health. For instance, being extremely short might lower a child’s self-esteem since classmates may ridicule them until they cry. Because of this, mental and emotional therapy is frequently a crucial component of treatment. You can talk about your emotions and learn coping mechanisms for growth hormone shortage from a mental health professional or psychologist.

A child’s overall healthy development also depends on getting adequate sleep, consuming a balanced diet, and exercising frequently.

Let’s look at some nutritional aspects.

Foods that can help

The child’s body needs a sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals to grow properly. A nutritious diet plan must provide all the essential nutrients like carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals and water in the required amounts. Requirements of essential nutrients vary with age, gender, physiological status and physical activity.

Nutrient rich foods that can foster the overall growth and development includes:

CARBOHYDRATES:

Carbohydrates are also known as energy giving foods. It provides glucose, which is converted to energy and further used in body functioning and physical activities which helps to reduce tiredness and helps in body strengthening. Foods rich in carbohydrates are an important part of a healthy diet.

PROTEIN:

Protein is the body’s building block and repair agent. It also helps them to build a healthy and strong body during the growth. It’s also integral in forming enzymes and hormones in the body. (What are some easy sources of protein for kids?)

IRON:

It is an important dietary mineral that is essential for the growth and development of kids both physical and mental growth. Iron helps form haemoglobin that is found in the blood cells of the body and helps in growth mechanism. (Foods for Iron deficiency)

CALCIUM:

One of the most important minerals in our body is CALCIUM. Calcium consumption has a good impact on bone formation and development. Bones are 70% calcium and it is only calcium that gives bones their hardness for protection and support. Bones also serve as the calcium bank of the body.

VITAMINS:

Vitamin plays an important role in the growth and development as it helps the body grow and work the way it should. There are 13 essential Vitamins — Vitamins A, C, D, E, K, and Vitamin Bs. Some help in eyesight and energy production, while others support healthy nerves and cells and in fighting infection. (Importance of different vitamins for kids)

HEALTHY FATS:

During the growth period, physical and brain development is at its peak point. Healthy fats are crucial to brain and overall physical development and can help stabilize mood. Also help with healthy metabolism, blood clotting and letting the body absorb vitamins.

FIBRE:

Fibre is a non-digestible carbohydrate. It is responsible for keeping our digestion healthy and regular. Lack of fibre rich food in diet may cause constipation, which creates a nutrient-deficient disease. During growth period, nutrient requirement is more from the body. (Fibre-rich foods for constipation)

ALMONDS:

Amongst all the nuts, almonds are the highest in calcium. One ounce of almonds or about 22 almonds, provides 8% of the recommended daily intake of calcium. 

Also check, Iyurved’s Daily Nutrition Chocolate and Savoury spread made of Almond and 6 other nuts and seeds

SEEDS:

Many seeds are good sources of calcium. For instance, 1 tablespoon (9 grams) of poppy seeds has 13% of the recommended daily intake, while the same serving of sesame seeds packs 9% of the recommended daily intake. In addition to calcium, chia seeds are also rich in omega-3 fatty acids.

VEGETABLES:

Cabbage, mustard (sarson leaves), broccoli & ladyfinger are good sources of calcium.

Also check, Pasta recipes with hidden vegetables

LOTUS SEEDS/ MAKHANA:

Makhana or lotus seeds are grown in Asian countries and are considered as a power food to increase height. Makhana is an excellent source of many important nutrients. It is loaded with protein, fibre, calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus and carbohydrates. Just a bowl of makhana is a great snack for kids. 

Also check, Health benefits of makhana


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