Our skin comes in direct contact with the outer world. It protects our body from inside by facing every weather condition. It plays a role of a preventive barrier against chemicals, infections, ultraviolet rays and helps in controlling body temperature through sweating. Usually, kids spend more time outside. So, they are at more risk of having heat rashes. Summer is the season of skin rashes. As the name itself implies, heat rashes prickly heat are caused by excessive heat. It looks like small bumps surrounded by red skin and they have prickly sensation and itching too. Heat rashes appear when some of the sweat gets trapped under the skin and because of this, sweat can’t escape from the body.
The sweat producing gland is located in the middle layer of epidermis, which is the outer layer of skin. When these glands become clogged, they are not able to perform their functions and due to this rash appear on the affected area. Generally small babies are at higher risk of heat rash because they have smaller sweat glands which are not mature enough to maintain body temperature. When it’s hot and humid, kids engaged in excessive sports activities can also have heat rashes, because while playing kids sweat and the more you sweat the more chance of dust and dead skin could block your skin pores and cause rashes. It usually develops on the neck, armpit, elbow creases, buttocks and areas where skin rubs against clothing like chest and back.
CAUSES OF HEAT RASH:
- Hot and humid weather
- Tight and uncomfortable clothes that does not allow skin to breath
- Excessive physical activity
- Excessive sweating
- Sometimes creams and lotions further clogs the pores
- Overdress according to weather or use of blanket
Although heat rash usually heals by themselves or by using some home remedies for rashes in a few days, if your child has symptoms that last longer than a week or you notice symptoms of infection, increased pain and redness around the affected area, it is always advisable to consult a doctor.
PREVENTION AND TREATMENT FOR HEAT RASH:
- Maintain personal hygiene
- Drink plenty of water
- When it is hot and humid outside stay in shade or air conditioned location
- Wear loose and comfortable cotton clothes that allow your skin to breath. Say no to synthetic clothes
- Change sweaty clothes frequently
- Bathe with cold water
- Cold compress. Wet a washcloth in cool water and keep it on affected area
- Avoid powder and lotion as they can further block the pores
- Keep yourself hydrated with summer drinks like butter milk and coconut water.
- Include fruits in your diet, which can help to keep you hydrated like watermelon and cucumber
HOME REMEDIES FOR RASHES:
Yogurt is known for its cooling and soothing effects. It has natural antibacterial and anti-fungal properties that help to prevent infection and give you radiant skin. Apply cold yogurt on the affected area, leave it for 15 minutes, and wash with cold water and pat dry. Never rub the area of heat rash. Doing this a couple of times a day, gives you relief from heat rash. (What are probiotics?)
Fuller’s Earth (Multani mitti)
Fuller’s earth is the most common ingredient in almost every face mask because of its cooling effects. It is one of the best home remedies for rashes to clear clogged pores and makes your skin glow. Make a paste of multani mitti with rose water and apply on the affected area, let it dry, wash it with cold water. Repeat this daily for better results. Rose water in it, acts as an astringent
Neem is the solution to many skin problems like acne, blackheads etc, and when it comes to heat rash, nothing works better than neem. It has strong antibacterial properties which soothe the itching of heat rash. Either apply paste of neem leaves on affected area or put some neem leaves to the bathing water, every day for quick results.
The dominant anti-bacterial, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties of aloe vera cools down the skin and prevents infection, it helps to keep the skin hydrated. Apply aloe Vera gel on the affected area and leave it for 15 minutes, wash with cold water. Repeat it 3 to 4 times a day to get an instant relief from the heat rash prickly heat. (Amazing home remedies for dry skin)
Oatmeal can help you to exfoliate the skin and cleans the blocked pores. Because of its anti-inflammatory and soothing properties, it gives instant relief from inflammation and itching of heat rashes. Take an oatmeal bath and scrub it gently over the affected area. Repeat it twice in a week for better results.
Gram flour gives relief from itchy and prickly sensation of heat rash. It eliminates the impurities that are clogged in the pores and exfoliate the dead skin cells. Make a thick paste of gram flour with some rose water, apply this on the affected area, let it dry and rinse with water. (Recipe of traditional whey kadhi)
Potato works as an excellent emollient. A slice of potato is a great remedy for heat rash. Potato has calming and soothing effects on skin, which calm down the itchy sensation of heat rash. Grind the potato with some water to make a thick paste, apply it on heat rash, else apply a slice of potato on the affected area, this will help to get rid of heat rash prickly heat. (Recipe of sweet potato millet pizza)
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- 5) ½ tsp salt
- 6) 3 tbsp coconut oil or ghee
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