Infertility in Males

Are you trying to get pregnant but did not succeed even after 1 year? Do you have a lump or swelling around your testicles? Do you have other reproductive health issues which make you worry so much about your conception? Don’t worry you are not alone, on average at least 8-9% of men have infertility of some type. Infertility in men can be due to several factors starting from genetic factors, lifestyle factors and environmental influences, Low sperm production, poor sperm function, or blockages that limit sperm delivery. But this condition can be treated with proper health care, a healthy lifestyle routine and proper nutrition.

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What is Infertility in males?

Infertility is a condition that impairs or limits one’s capacity to become pregnant and give birth to a child. For heterosexual couples, one-third of infertility causes are attributable to male issues, one-third to female issues, and one-third to a combination of factors or unidentified causes. Male infertility may be brought on by illnesses, accidents, chronic health issues, lifestyle choices, and other circumstances.

Also, check Infertility in Women

How common is Male Infertility?

Male infertility is the reason for unsuccessful pregnancy and conceiving in about 1 in 5 cases. Idiopathic infertility affects up to 25% of infertile males. This indicates that individuals have low or abnormal sperm counts for an unknown reason.

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Causes for infertility in males:

The following are some of the causes linked to infertility in males

  • Genetic conditions – Klinefelter syndrome
  • Testicular inflammation or injury
  • Severe illness
  • Undescended testes
  • Age
  • Obesity
  • Some medications- anabolic steroids or anti-seizure medicines
  • Varicocele – It is a disorder where the veins in the scrotum that surround the testicles enlarge and impair sperm quality. On occasion, it could result in pain in and around the testis.
  • Infection – Infections like Mycoplasma, Tuberculosis, Gonorrhoea, Urinary tract Infections, and Chlamydia can affect the quality, quantity and mobility of sperm. Infection in the testicle (orchitis), the prostate (prostatitis)
  • Retrograde Ejaculation – Instead of being released by the penis, the semen may enter the bladder under certain circumstances. Little to no ejaculated semen or cloudy urine after orgasm is two potential warning indicators.
  • Tumours- Lump or abnormal growth of tissue in the testicle or in the scrotum which can be detected using ultrasound.
  • Hormonal Imbalance – heredity, an infection, a malignant or non-cancerous tumour, or as a result of surgery can all cause abnormal hormone functioning.
Symptoms:

The following are some signs and symptoms that indicate infertility in men 

  • Problems with sexual functioning
  • Inability to conceive
  • Pain, swelling or a lump in the testicle area
  • Recurrent respiratory infections
  • Abnormal breast growth (gynecomastia)
  • Loss of the body or facial hair, as well as other chromosomal or hormonal abnormalities
  •  A sperm count that is below average (fewer than 15 million sperm per millilitre of semen or a total sperm count of less than 39 million per ejaculate)
Foods that help in improving fertility

With proper physical exercise and nutritional diet infertility in men can be managed and treated. The following are some foods and herbs that help in preventing infertility in men.

Dark Chocolate

Dark chocolate is the first and maybe the greatest food to boost sperm count. L-Arginine is an enzyme found in dark chocolate that helps to sperm volume growth.

Eggs

Sperm motility is aided by the protein and vitamin E content of eggs, which are abundant in both. Consuming eggs increases the likelihood of fertilisation by twofold by shielding sperm from free radicals. 

Banana

Magnesium and vitamins B1 and C are abundant in bananas, which promote sperm production and sperm motility. In addition, the rare enzyme bromelain found in bananas promotes sperm motility and count.

Goji Berries

Goji berries help elevate mood and regulate the scrotum sac’s temperature, which is ideal for sperm production. Antioxidants included in goji berries increase sperm motility and fertility.

Walnuts

Walnuts are a great source of omega- 3 fatty acids that help in improving the vitality of the sperm and increase its count.

Also, check Ayurvedic herbs that are good for health

Garlic

Allicin, found in garlic, is necessary for promoting blood flow to the appropriate areas of the scrotum. Another significant enzyme in garlic, selenium, aids in sperm motility improvement. In addition to improving sperm production, garlic also fights cancer.

Asparagus

Vitamin C, which helps shield sperm from free radicals, is abundant in asparagus. It even aids sperm in swimming toward the egg, which increases sperm count and reproduction potential.

Also, check Importance of vitamins

Spinach

Folic acid, which is crucial for the sperm’s growth, is abundant in spinach. In particular, leafy vegetables can aid in the generation of sperm.

Oysters

Oysters are high in zinc, which helps increase sperm motility. Supplying taurine and glycogen, they will boost the reproductive system.

Ashwagandha (Ginseng)

In addition to treating erectile dysfunction, it is said to boost testosterone. The root can be purchased fresh or dried and is suitable for making tea.

Also, check Benefits of Ashwagandha

Tips and Remedies to boost fertility:

A healthy diet rich in nutrients along with some tips helps to improve fertility. The following are some tips to manage and prevent infertility in females.

  • Maintaining Healthy Routine
  • Tracking the ovulation cycle
  • Healthy Diet (Avoid junk foods)
  • Maintain a Healthy Weight
  • Quit Smoking and Alcohol consumption
  • Reduce the intake of caffeine
  • Be cautious around toxic chemicals
  • Check the label before using any lubricants to see if they kill sperms
  • Have a stress-free lifestyle
  • Have a happy and healthy sexual life

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