Wounds and kids go hand in hand. As your little one is keen to explore the environment around them, they are bound to get some cuts, bruises and scars. These injuries might frighten some parents, but if you take proper first aid in case of cuts and wounds they are not likely to be dangerous. No matter how much we try to watch over our children and ensure their safety, it is inevitable that the average toddler, preschooler, and school-aged kid will get a cut or scratch from time to time.
So if you are looking for first aid in case of kid’s small cuts and wounds, here are some tips to heal their delicate skin in no time
First aid tips in case of cuts and wounds
Put on the pressure:
Kids’skin is very soft with lots of little blood vessels on the surface, so don’t panic if the wound bleeds heavily. First wash your hands and cover the wound with gauze or a clean towel and press down for 5 to 10 minutes. Keep pressing for a few more minutes even if the bleeding stops. this is the basic step for first aid in case of cuts
Clean the wound:
Once the bleeding has been controlled, clean the wound with a lot of cold water to flush away any small debris and make sure that the dirt is removed. Also clean the surrounding area with mild or non-fragranced soap.
Apply an antibacterial ointment on the affected area and put on the bandage. Change the bandage daily or when required. Once the cut seems to be healing you can remove the bandage and leave the area open to heal. Monitor the wound from time to time for any signs of infection such as redness and drainage.
Protect from sun:
Always make sure to protect your child’s skin from sun, as damaged skin are more likely to get infected and can become discolored due to sun exposure. (How to protect your skin from sun?)
When to call a doctor
Following are the cases when you should immediately call your doctor for help.
- If the cut is on the face or near the eye
- The bleeding is heavy and you wouldn’t be able to stop the bleeding even after 10 minutes of direct pressure.
- If the cut is due to some object and is still in the skin.
- The cut is larger than a half inch and deep.
- If the wound is not healing properly and seems infected.
- Tthe baby develops a high temperature.
- If the last tetanus shot was more than 5 years ago.
Home remedies for cuts and wounds
There are many ingredients in your kitchen that act as a healer because of their healing properties. These home remedies will help in cleaning the wound and protect it from further infection. Apart from first aid in case of cuts , these remedies work best on minor wounds, in case of major injuries, please reach to your medical provider.
Turmeric is an extraordinary spice in terms of health benefits. It has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties that fight inflammation. According to the study the curcumin in turmeric helps the wound healing by modulating collagen. Make a turmeric paste with a little bit of water and apply on the wound, this will help to stop the bleeding immediately.(How to use turmeric for immunity?)
Garlic has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties, which can help stop bleeding, lower the pain, and heal your wounds faster. Making a paste out of garlic and applying it on the open wounds can help treat external infections.
According to a 2015 systematic review study, aloe Vera has antioxidant, antimicrobial and wound healing properties. It is probably the most popular home remedy for cuts or bruises. Applying aloe vera gel on the open wound for a few days can heal it completely. apply aloe vera gel on the affected area and let it dry. Later, rinse with clean water.
A study in 2019 explained that soothing properties of coconut oils have positive results on dermatitis. As coconut oil contains lauric acid and other essential fatty acids too, it possesses antimicrobial, antifungal and antiviral properties. This helps in prevention of infection. Coconut oil helps in wound healing by increasing the production of collagen. It is considered as an important wound healing protein.(More benefits of coconut oil)
Tea tree oil:
Tea tree oil is full of anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. It also has antibacterial properties and it helps provide relief from pain due to its anti-inflammatory properties. Applying a drop of tea tree oil on an open wound can heal it really quick.
The strong antibacterial properties of cinnamon can also help heal wounds. Cinnamon has the ability to fight infections and reduce inflammation. It has a component which helps with pain relief. Additionally, cinnamon is also known to help cure burns and heal the skin by cooling it down. (More benefits of cinnamon)
Ice pack For bruises:
Ice packs are the best thing to apply on bruises. It helps in reducing the pain, swelling and the discoloring of the skin.
Wound healing foods:
Following is the list of foods which reduce inflammation, promote the production of white blood cells, improve the immune system, and provide the essential nutrients to the body for faster recovery.
- Omega-3 rich and Vitamin E foods: Sunflower seeds, salmon, sardines, hemp seeds, nuts, avocado.
- Antioxidants and vitamin C rich: Green tea, pomegranate, dark chocolate, tomatoes, olive oil, watermelon.
- Beta-carotene rich: Carrots, sweet peppers, sweet potato.
- Dark green vegetables: Spinach, kale, broccoli.
- Berries: Blueberry, strawberry, cherries.
- Probiotics: Yogurt, buttermilk, cheese.
Recipe: Beetroot Cheela
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