Aging is a natural part of life, but it eventually catches up with everyone. Skin ageing is a complex biological process. It is influenced by both intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Younger generations are becoming victims of early signs of ageing skin due to various factors, majorly modern lifestyle, exposure to sun and pollution, stress, lack of sleep, genetics and smoking.
Apart from that, the skin conditions such as lack of moisture and collagen degradation also affects the signs of ageing. Because skin health and beauty is regarded as one of the most important aspects influencing general “well-being” and “health” perception in humans, various anti-aging techniques have been developed in recent years.
The right products at the right age and with the right techniques can keep your skin youthful.
Signs of ageing:
There are several visible signs of ageing that the skin is quick to show. Few of them are:
- Fine lines
- Dry skin
- Visible pores
- Dull skin
- Uneven skin tone
- Rough texture
9 ingredients that reduces signs of ageing skin:
The ‘it’ ingredient in the market this time is niacinamide. Niacinamide is one of the versatile, recognizable, desirable and safe skin care ingredients. This form of vitamin B3 is well known for its anti-ageing properties. A study shows that niacinamide helps in reducing fine lines, wrinkles and skin sagging. Therefore, it helps in keeping the skin young, bright and supple.
2. Aloe Vera:
This is a well-known substance that boosts collagen production. Aloe aids in the stimulation of fibroblasts, which create elastin and collagen fibers. As a result, the skin becomes more elastic and wrinkles are reduced. The amino acids in aloe soften the skin, and the zinc, which acts as an astringent, helps to tighten pores. Overall, aloe vera’s cell growth stimulating activity enhances skin integrity, increases collagen creation, and reduces wrinkle appearance.
3. Terminalia Ferdinandiana (Kakadu Plum) fruit extract:
Kakadu plum is one of the fruits with the highest level of vitamin C. With its high antioxidant properties this fruit extract helps in fighting the free radicals that are responsible for causing wrinkles and fine lines. Moreover, it is rich in vitamin E, carotenoids and folic acid too that helps in reducing the symptoms of ageing. Vitamin C present in higher amounts helps in boosting the collagen production thus reducing skin ageing.
4. Podocarpus Elatus (Illawarra plum) fruit extract:
Illawarra plum is also known for its antioxidant properties. This fruit extract, which is high in vitamin C, helps to revitalize dull skin. It not only helps to reduce the signs of ageing, but it also aids in skin hydration, rejuvenation, and vitality. The good news is that this ingredient is suitable for people of all ages and skin types.
5. Pleiogynium Timorense (Burdekin plum) fruit extract:
This is yet another fruit that belongs to the plum category and is a rich source of vitamin C, vitamin E, vitamin A and vitamin K. It is packed with all the essential vitamins for skin. Vitamin c helps in promoting collagen production whereas vitamin K protects the skin elasticity. However, talking about retinoids, it also plays its part in boosting collagen production and stimulating production of new blood vessels. Altogether, this fruit extract helps in reversing the ageing signs.
6. Sodium Hyaluronate:
The sodium salt of hyaluronic acid (HA) is sodium hyaluronate. HA is again one of the important ingredients that boosts the collagen production in the skin. The presence of amino acids that supports the collagen boot makes this ingredient integral for collagen production. Studies show that sodium hyaluronate apart from skin hydration helps in reducing wrinkle depth and improving elasticity of the skin. This makes sodium hyaluronate an effective component in reducing the signs of ageing skin.
7. Salicylic Acid:
Face acids are much in trend now and salicylic acid is one of them. Few studies state that this acid reduces signs of ageing by exfoliating the skin. The peeling property of salicylic acid exfoliates the dead skin and quickens the skin cell renewal process. Moreover, it can penetrate deeper in the lipid layers of the skin thus making it effective against aging.
This ingredient is an anti-ageing champion extracted from the root of comfrey plant. This non-irritating component when applied topically, helps in soothing, protecting and hydrating the skin. Apart from its benefits in facilitating collagen production, allantoin, on the other hand, improves the skin texture too. Overall, it reduces the wrinkles and fine lines by alleviating inflammation and promoting the generation of new skin cells.
9. Zinc PCA:
Right from being an effective sunscreen ingredient to its fantastic role in anti-ageing, zinc has gained its popularity. Few studies have shown that zinc PCA aids in balancing the synthesis and degradation of collagen in the skin. This actively delays the signs of aging and makes you look youthful.
SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH ON INGREDIENTS THAT HELP BOOST COLLAGEN PRODUCTION:
- Niacinamide helps in reducing fine lines and wrinkles. Read here.
- Effect of Aloe vera in facilitation collagen production. Read here.
- Clinical studies showing the anti-aging benefits of sodium salicylate in human skin. Read here.
- Zinc PCA helps in collagen synthesis and reduce sings of ageing skin. Read here.
WHICH INGREDIENTS TO AVOID?
Despite the fact that every skin care product claims to reduce signs of ageing skin, there are a few skin care chemicals that must be avoided. When taken for an extended period of time, they can cause serious harm. Therefore, when looking for a solution to reduce wrinkles, it’s important to do your research. Some cosmetics contain substances that are potentially detrimental to your skin and health. Here are a few to mention:
- Liquid Bleach
HOW TO say bye bye age to your skin?
Although this serum is generally accepted by all skin types, a patch test is required before usage to identify allergies or danger. Here’s how to get started:
- Cleans your face well and pat dry.
- Apply a small amount of vitamin c with the help of the dropper to the affected area
- Massage gently (in the circular of upward direction)
- Leave it to fully absorb by the skin
- Lastly, apply sunscreen