Gastritis in kids: Causes, symptoms and foods that help


Does your child have constant tummy aches? Is your child burping all the time? Does your kid feel full and eating less than usual? Does he/ she have frequent stomach upset? If this is the case, your child may be dealing with  “Gastritis”. Continue reading to know more about gastritis.

WHATSAPP for concerns like Speech Delay, Low Weight, Frequent Illness, Hyperactivity, Low Concentration, Weak Eyesight, Improper Sleep, Pigmentation, Pores, Face Marks, Fine Lines , Lactation etc.

Feedback from parent


Gastritis is a common condition which occurs due to a variety of reasons. More than half of the people around the globe have gastritis. Our stomach is coated with two protective mucus layers. The outer mucus layer is thin but the inner mucus layer is 50-200 micrometre thick and coated in the inner wall of the stomach. This mucus layer protects the stomach from acid and germs. When this mucus layer gets irritated or inflamed, it will cause damage in the stomach lining which is referred to as “Gastritis”.

Gastritis is mainly caused by a harmful bacteria (bad bacteria) which causes infection in kids.  Most of the bacteria in our body are good for our gut which is called as “Beneficial bacteria”(Good bacteria). These good bacteria help in digestion and maintaining the gut health. If we increase the good bacteria through our diet, it will fight with bad bacteria, virus and fungi thereby reducing gastritis.

Also check, Causes of stomach pain in kids

Types of Gastritis

Gastritis can be classified into two types, acute gastritis and chronic gastritis depending on how long the symptoms persist.

1. Acute gastritis

Acute gastritis will suddenly start with intense stomach pain when we have spicy and oily foods or due to bacterial infection or injury. It is also known as Self-limiting which means the illness and pain will be temporary that goes away on its own and doesn’t impair the health in the long run.

2. Chronic gastritis

Chronic gastritis on the other hand starts with dull stomach ache and will cause serious illness in the stomach. It is also known as Non Self-limiting which means the inflammation of the mucus layer will be aggressive and damage to the stomach lining will be permanent. 

Also check, Tips and foods for bloating

Causes of Gastritis

Gastritis can be caused due to various reasons. Here are some of the causes of gastritis

1. Bacteria and fungal infection

The main causes of chronic inflammation of the mucous layer of the stomach are bacterial and fungal infection. It will spread through contaminated foods or drinking water. It will also affect people with weak immune system.

Also check, How to increase child’s immunity

2. Food habits

All spicy foods contain a chemical compound called capsaicin. This compound may aggregate the esophageal irritation and also the food remains in the stomach for a long time. Eating spicy, oily, salty, deep-fried and highly acidic foods will increase the severity of gastritis.

Also check, Gut healthy foods

3. Medicines

Some painkillers like ibuprofen or aspirin are often advised to be taken after a meal. Food aids in reducing the inflammation of stomach lining. Taking more antibiotics or painkillers in an empty stomach can damage the mucosa of the stomach leading to gastritis.

4. Stress

Stress and anxiety usually causes excessive contraction of muscles. If the stomach muscles get impacted by stress, it pressurizes the stomach and leads to the increased production of acid. The acid thereby damages the stomach lining and causes gastritis.

Also check, How to handle anxiety in kids

5. Auto-immune

The parietal cells present in the stomach produce the stomach acid. The body’s own immune system mistakenly destroy these cells and causes inflammation of stomach lining thereby leads to chronic gastritis. This will further increase the pH of the stomach which makes it difficult to absorb Vitamin B12 and iron leads to deficiency.

Signs and Symptoms of gastritis

  • Frequent stomach ache or stomach upset
  • Burning sensation in the stomach
  • Constant burping often associated with foul smell 
  • Indigestion
  • Bloating
  • Loss of appetite
  • Feeling of fullness in the stomach
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Foods that help to reduce gastritis

Following are some foods and herbs that can help to manage the symptoms of gastritis.


Guar gum is a fibre made from guar bean or Indian cluster bean. Undoubtedly, it is one of the best gut-healthy foods. While partially hydrolyzed guar gum is derived from guar gum by the process of enzymatic hydrolysis. PHGG is a water soluble dietary fibre and it regulates gut function. 

When the gastric emptying is slow, it will cause inflammation in the stomach. According to the study conducted by NIH, guar gum helps in increasing the gastric emptying time in patients with severe gastric retention which leads to reduction of inflammation of stomach lining. It has also been useful in treating Ulcer, Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms in both adults and kids.

2. Fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS- Prebiotic Fibre)

Fructooligosaccharides (FOS) are composed of short fructose chains. They are a type of carbohydrate called oligosaccharides. FOS occurs naturally in many plants. They are prebiotic fibres that support the growth of healthy bacteria in the digestive tract which in turn stops the spread of Helicobacter pylori. It helps in reducing the symptoms of gastritis.

Also check, Role of prebiotics for gut health


The papaya fruit contains two enzymes, papain and chymopapain. Papaya is also high in fibre and water content, both of which help to prevent constipation and promote regularity and a healthy digestive tract. Papaya is rich in antioxidants like zeaxanthin as well as micronutrients like folate, vitamin A, magnesium, copper,B vitamins, vitamin E, calcium, potassium and vitamin K. The natural enzymes present in papaya help to improve digestion and reduce the inflammation caused by gastritis.

Also check, Health benefits of fruits

4. Turmeric

Due to its antibacterial and antiviral properties turmeric is one of the best foods for gastritis. It inhibits the growth of Helicobacter pylori (bad bacteria) and treats the inflammation of the stomach.

Also check, How to make turmeric and honey balls

5. Garlic

Garlic is a prebiotic, naturally high in inulin, a type of non- digestible carbohydrate that feeds the good bacteria in your gut and prevents disease promoting bacteria from growing at the same time. It alleviates the symptoms of gastritis.

6. Water

If you keep yourself hydrated, it controls the level of acid in gastric juice as well as the balance of good bacteria in the gut. Water intake is as important for the gut as food intake. You can also offer your kids Coconut water which helps to heal the inflammation of the stomach and buttermilk which neutralises stomach acids.

7. Probiotics

Probiotics are live bacteria that aids in digestion and maintain the gut health. These “beneficial” bacteria are rich in foods like yogurt, kefir and kanji. Probiotics help to reduce the inflammation of stomach lining.

Also check, Role of probiotics for healthy gut

8. Giloy

It is a shrub and an essential herb in ayurvedic medicines. Giloy treats wide range of health conditions. It contains important plant compounds like terpenoids, alkaloids, lignans, and steroids. Research shows that these compounds have antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antidiabetic properties which not only helps in boosting immunity, but Giloy stem can also help improve digestion, reduce constipation, acidity, gastritis and bloating. It works well for people with a weak digestive system.

Also check, Brain booster foods

9. Isabgol (Psyllium husk)

Isabgol is driven from the seeds of plantago ovate. It have probiotic potential, which supports the growth of beneficial bacteria and increases the production of short chain fatty acids, which has positive effects on colonic health. Psyllium is also rich in fiber contents and has the ability to absorb water that means it soaks up water in your gut and makes bowel movement easier. It is a natural remedy for gastritis.

Foods to Avoid

These foods do not cause gastritis but aggravate the symptoms of gastritis.


Sugar mixes with saliva which contains beneficial bacteria to cause an acidic environment. It causes inflammation in the body which results in weaker immunity. Greatest source of sugar in the average kid’s diet are sugary snacks and beverages like cookies, cakes, candies, fruit juice, soda, and sports drinks. Everything that the child picks up to eat today has strains of added sugar in some form or the other. Meat is rich in fats and proteins, so it is difficult to digest.

Also check, Foods for providing healthy nutrition


Avoid chillies and pepper loaded spicy foods. High-salt foods like pickles will worsen gastritis.


Avoid fried foods, butter, and heavy whipping cream which are rich in fat.

Also check, Natural way of reducing weight


Fix your GUT with these Quick, Easy and Tasty PREBIOTIC Gut Drinks! This flavorful range of prebiotic gut friendly drinks helps with  Digestion, Constipation, Brain development, Allergies, Immunity, Hormonal balance, Acidity and Bloating and even more! Grab yours. NOW!

India’s First Tasty Kids Nutrition fortified with Ayurvedic herbs.

For Gastritis, improving Gut health , Immunity, Constipation, Vomit, Brain Development, Allergies | Family PREBIOTIC GUT DRINK | Made with Guar Beans | Prebiotic Fiber | Plant Sweetener | 0% preservative | 0% Artificial Colour | 100% Natural | No refined sugar | ORDER |


Immunity, Gut health, Digestion, Weight, Brain development, Speech delay, Epilepsy, Eye health, Hormones, Sleep, Hyperactivity, Bones and Overall growth

what is the down's syndrome


10 foods rich in fiber to treat constipation

Constipation is a common problem in kids of all ages. Almost 1 out of 20 children is fighting with this. It is a condition when bowel movement becomes less frequent and stool becomes difficult to pass, which can cause pain and discomfort. food rich in fiber can help in constipation. Every child has different bowel patterns; some children have bowel movement 1 to 2 times a day, while other children go once in two to three days. Constipation is not just about how often your baby poops, but it’s also about how difficult it is for your baby to poop. As long as your child is healthy and passes normal stool without any pain or discomfort, having a bowel movement every third day is normal.

Breast milk is easy for babies to digest, so it’s rare for babies on breastfeed to have constipation. While formula milk is thicker than breast milk, it takes a long time to pass through the digestive tract and may cause constipation. Generally the problem of constipation starts when the baby starts eating solid food. Especially in the present scenario, where kids are becoming more prone to processed and refined foods, constipation is becoming a common occurrence. Most of the packaged foods have additives that are difficult to digest by a small baby, which has just started on solids.

WHATSAPP for concerns like Speech Delay, Low Weight, Frequent Illness, Hyperactivity, Low Concentration, Weak Eyesight, Improper Sleep, Pigmentation, Pores, Face Marks, Fine Lines , Lactation etc.

Feedback from parent

Symptoms of constipation in babies:

  1. Less than three bowel movement per week
  2. Stool that is dry, hard and difficult to pass
  3. Crying during bowel movement
  4. Abdominal pain
  5. Loss of appetite
  6. Feeling of bloating or uncomfortable
  7. Holding behavior such as crossing legs, clenching teeth, refusing to sit on the toilet, turning red in the face
  8. Trace of liquid stool in your child’s underwear
  9. Blood on the surface of hard stool

There are things that may contribute to different causes of constipation in children, like change in their routine, eating and drinking habits. Some kids avoid having a bowel movement during their school time which is one of the biggest causes of constipation in children. Some other common causes of constipation in children are as mentioned below:

Causes of constipation in children:


Diet is one of the main causes of constipation in children. Eating foods that are high in fat and low in fiber may cause constipation in kids. Fiber absorbs water and causes stool to be large, softer and easier to pass. Increasing fiber intake helps cure constipation. Also the change in diet of small babies from breast milk to formula or when they start having solid food may lead to constipation. so add more food rich in fiber to their diet.

Less fluids:

Dehydration leads to constipation in many cases. The food you eat goes from your stomach to colon (large intestine), if you don’t have enough water in your body, the colon soaks up water from food waste, which dries out the stool making it hard in consistency and makes it difficult to push out of the body.


Sometimes children refuse to have bowel movement because of pain in passing stool or they do not want to interrupt their play time. Some kids are not comfortable in using public toilets or school toilets hence, ignore their urge to bowel movement when they are out. All these reasons of withholding lead to constipation in kids. It is also observed, when parents begin toilet training too early; kids may become rebellious and hold in stool.

Change in routine:

Change in kid’s routine like travelling, first time going to school or change in weather may result in constipation in kids.


There are certain medicines and dietary supplements that may contribute to one of the main causes of constipation in children.


This may also be one of the causes of constipation in children. If any member of the family has constipation history, kids of that family are more likely to develop constipation, this comes under genetic factors.

However, constipation is easy to control and does not result in long term health problems if treated on time. However, if not taken seriously, over the period of months or years, it may become chronic. So, if your baby is suffering from this issue, try these easy home remedies for constipation to help them out.

Home remedies for constipation:


Exercise and physical activity is equally important for both kids and adults. Lack of physical activity may leads to constipation. Physical activity helps with digestion by helping the intestinal muscles push stool through the digestive system. Always encourage your kids to play outdoors for at least an hour every day, this will stimulate their bowel movement.

Drink plenty of water:

keep your child hydrated as mild dehydration can also cause constipation. Water is required to digest food and remove waste through the digestive tract. Increasing water content inside the gut can help soften stool and stimulate bowel movements. Give lots of water at regular intervals to your child for proper digestion. Other healthy drinks like coconut water, buttermilk, lemonade also contribute to a healthy digestive system.

Warm bath:

Giving your child a warm bath can relax their abdominal muscles which may provide them relief from constipation. Soaking in warm water can also relax the anus and help release the stool.

Have enough dietary Fiber:

Including fiber rich food to your kids diet helps in constipation. Food rich in dietary fiber is easier to pass through your digestive system and is considered one of the most effective home remedies for constipation. Fiber are of two types: soluble and insoluble. Soluble fibers are soluble in water whereas insoluble are not. Lack of soluble fiber in the diet makes stool hard and difficult to pass.

Follow the routine:

Encourage your child to follow the morning routine of sitting on the toilet seat first, even if they don’t pass stool. This helps them to establish a healthy habit of going to the toilet before going to school and eventually they will start pooping also.

Abdominal massage:

Try to gently massage your kid’s lower abdomen in a clockwise direction, do this a few times throughout the day this will help in digestion and activate baby’s bowel movement. Wait for 45 minutes after feeding before massaging your baby.

Apart from using the above home remedies for constipation, for long term relief you should make some dietary changes in your kids diet by adding fiber rich food in their daily diet chart.  According to National Institute of Health (NIH) the fiber requirement of children depend upon age and sex. Generally they require 14 to 30.8 grams of fiber per day (kids above one year of age).

Food rich in fiber:


Apples are an easy way to boost the fiber content of your diet and cure constipation. One medium size apple with skin contains 4.4 gram of fiber. It has both soluble and insoluble fibers. Soluble fiber absorbs water and helps to soften stools; while insoluble fiber also helps the movement of stool through the digestive tract by adding extra bulk. According to a study, pectin in apple can accelerate the movement of the stool through the intestine and aid in constipation.

Also check, Why to eat one apple and banana everyday?


It is not only rich in fiber but also contains a natural digestive enzyme actinidin which has positive effects on gut motility and bowel habits. With around 2.3 grams of fiber per kiwi fruit it helps in softening and increasing bulk of stool and also increases frequency of bowel movement. Kiwifruit have been shown to relieve constipation and improve bowel movement frequency in a number of clinical studies. This is because they are high in both soluble and insoluble fibers, which work together simultaneously.

Also check, How good is Kiwi for immunity?


Prunes also known as dried plums and are commonly used food for constipation relief. They are rich in fiber, with around 2 grams of fiber per 1 ounce. Prunes also have soluble and insoluble fibers. The soluble fiber in prune called cellulose, increases the amount of water in the stool and makes it easy to pass.  Prunes also contain sorbitol and phenolic compounds that maintain gut health and may provide gastrointestinal benefits.

Also check, How to find that your child’s digestive system needs help?


It contains living microorganisms known as probiotics which are also called good bacteria and helps to improve gut health and soften stool.  The good bacteria produce short chain fatty acids and lactic acid that may improve bowel movement. It helps to regulate a child’s digestive system and decreases bloating, diarrhea, constipation.

Also check, What are some easy probiotics for kids?


Just ½ cup of cooked broccoli contains 2.8 grams of fiber which aids in constipation. Rich in insoluble fiber making it an excellent food for smooth digestion. Sulforaphane, a compound present in broccoli may prevent the development of harmful microorganisms in your gut and digestive system. Broccoli is also loaded with vitamin C which plays a significant role in building immunity and promoting overall health.

Also check, Can you feed broccoli everyday for allergies?

Chia seeds:

According to a study by the US national library of medicine, chia seeds are of the most fiber dense food and about 40% of its weight is just fiber. It has insoluble fiber which helps to bulk up stool and thus prevent constipation. Chia seeds are also high in healthy fat, protein and cell protecting antioxidants.

Also check, How to use chia to detox the body?

Whole grains:

This delivers a variety of important nutrients that includes fiber, manganese, phosphorus, magnesium, copper, zinc and iron. Whole grain includes oats, brown rice, whole wheat, quinoa, barley and rye. All of these are high in fiber and a great choice to prevent constipation. Just one ounce of wheat bran cereal gives you 10 grams of fiber.

Also check, How does this help with menstruation pain and anxiety?


These are another fiber powerhouse, which help ease constipation. Almonds, pecans and walnuts have more fiber than other nuts. Just one ounce of almond contains 3.5 grams of fiber. One ounce of pecan contains 2.7 g fiber and one ounce of walnut has 1.9 gram fiber. Choose nuts that are dry roasted, rather than roasted in oil. Also high in healthy fats, potassium, sodium, calcium, protein and antioxidants these nuts contribute towards, getting a healthy body.

Also check, How much Walnut everyday is good for brain?

Sweet potatoes:

The high fiber content of this food help in preventing constipation and promotes a well-functioning digestive tract. According to a study, dietary fiber found in sweet potatoes such as cellulose, lignin and pectin helps in maintaining gut health and improves digestion. It also contains vitamin A, vitamin C and vitamin E, potassium, magnesium, calcium that helps in overall health of your baby.

Also check, Easy sweet potato fries recipe


It contains citric acid, a natural laxative that helps stimulate your digestive system and fights the toxins in your digestive tract. Lemon is also loaded with vitamin C that is helpful in treating indigestion. Vitamin C softens the stool and ensures an easy passage for food. Offer your child a glass of warm water with lemon juice in it to prevent constipation.

Also check, How to use lemon to keep healthy eyesight?


Fix your GUT with these Quick, Easy and Tasty PREBIOTIC Gut Drinks! This flavorful range of prebiotic gut friendly drinks helps with  Digestion, Constipation, Brain development, Allergies, Immunity, Hormonal balance, Acidity and Bloating and even more! Grab yours. NOW!

India’s First Tasty Kids Nutrition fortified with Ayurvedic herbs.

For Constipation, improving Gut health , Immunity, Brain Development, Allergies | Family PREBIOTIC GUT DRINK | Made with Guar Beans | Prebiotic Fiber | Plant Sweetener | 0% preservative | 0% Artificial Colour | 100% Natural | No refined sugar | ORDER |

Available in 2 Flavours: LEMON and ORANGE


Immunity, Gut health, Digestion, Weight, Brain development, Speech delay, Epilepsy, Eye health, Hormones, Sleep, Hyperactivity, Bones and Overall growth

what is the down's syndrome

Read more blogs: