Tips for skin care: How to apply sunscreen?

how apply sunscreen

You scream, I scream, Sunscreen! There is a lot of misinformation and misunderstanding about how to apply sunscreen. Usually, only the bright sunshine reminds us of the importance of sunscreen but NO! Your skin needs to be protected even when there’s no sun! Check what science really has to say about sunscreen.

Sunscreens are made to protect our skin from the harmful UV rays of the sun. Moreover, they help in preventing tans, sunburn, wrinkles, leathery skin and reduce the risk of skin cancer too when used properly and in adequate amounts. But, if you’re wearing sunscreen, that doesn’t mean you can stay longer in the heated sun as much as you can.

Here’s a lot more for you to decide whether sunscreen is a friend or foe to your skin.

Types of sunscreen:

There are basically two types of sunscreens. Each of them protects the skin in a different way.

Chemical sunscreen:

This type of sunscreen usually contains active ingredients such as octinoxate, oxybenzone, octisalate, avobenzone, octocrylene or homosalate. It works like a sponge. They help in protecting the skin by absorbing the sun’s UV rays before it penetrates the skin. This sunscreen is easier to rub and blends well.

Physical sunscreen:

This is also called Mineral sunscreen. It typically contains zinc oxide, titanium oxides or both as an active which works like a shield. It helps by reflecting the UV rays away from the skin. This sunscreen works best for sensitive skin.

Both sunscreen works well for the skin. Normally, a combination is used. While buying a sunscreen 2 things must be kept in the mind – SPF and broad-spectrum protection (protects against UVA and UVB). Water resistance is another factor to be considered.

What is SPF?

The full form of SPF is a Sun Protection Factor. It is used to measure how much or how well the sunscreen protects the skin against UVB rays. In simple terms, it measures how long it takes for the sun to burn (redden) the skin with and without sunscreen application.

What SPF should I use?

The SPF and its protection are directly proportional i.e., higher the SPF number, higher the protection. 15 SPF (block around 93% UVB rays) is the least that you should use whereas SPF 30 (blocks 97%) works best of all.

Why is daily application of sunscreen recommended?

Application of sunscreen should be a daily and a year-round habit that everyone should build. Here are few reasons to do so –

  • Protects the skin from UV rays
  • Lowers risk of skin cancer
  • Prevents premature Aging
  • Maintains even skin tone
  • Protect against sunburn
  • Avoid blotchy skin
  • Avoids hyperpigmentation
  • Stop DNA damage
When should I apply sunscreen and how much?

Always remember, apart from sun damaging your skin, sand, water, stone and snow also reflect the sunrays and harms your skin. Make sure to apply sunscreen when around these surroundings. The sun’s radiations are strongest between 10am – 4pm. Avoid excessive or prolonged exposure.

The answer to how much to and how to apply sunscreen is- sunscreen must be applies 30 minutes prior to sun exposure so that it can be absorbed by the body completely and less likely to wash off when you perspire. Generally speaking, 30 grams of sunscreen is required to cover your entire body! REAPPLICATION OF SUNSCREEN AFTER EVERY 2 HOURS IS A MUST.

Every part of the body which is not covered is eligible for sunscreen application. Face, neck, arms, ears, lips, legs and areas hard to reach like the back should be focused.

Indoor:

Even if you are staying indoors and don’t feel the need to apply sunscreen, you still have to apply sunscreen. This is because UV light can penetrate your skin through the openings and windows. It’s like you’re receiving the similar UV rays as you would if you were outside.

On cloudy days:

Sun is hidden on cloudy days. But, studies state that even though it’s hidden, around 80% of the UV radiation reaches earth. Unfortunately, it results in skin damage. So next time don’t forget to apply sunscreen on cloudy days too.

High altitudes:

Higher altitudes increase the risk of sun damage. Applying sunscreen reduces this impact and protects the skin. Snow reflects 80% of the rays. So next time you go skiing, don’t forget to apply your sun gear!

Winters:

Application of sunscreen during summers is a must and explainable, but why winters? This is because during winters, the ozone layers thin out. This means we have less defence against UV rays.  Therefore, it is important to apply sunscreen even to the easy to forget areas.

Light clothing:

Clothing definitely acts as a protective gear from the sunrays. But, not all. Light weight and coloured fabrics and garments are more likely to be hit by sun and allow light. Alternatively, dark or dense coloured clothes provide good defence. Application of sunscreen while wearing light clothing is important.

Swimming and other high perspiration activities:

Swimming and activities like heavy exercise, running, jogging washes out the sunscreen. It is advisable to reapply the sunscreen after such activities for better protection.

Some tips:

Reapply sunscreen after every 2 hours

  • Choose broad spectrum sunscreen
  • Be careful around sensitive areas (eyes, nose, bruises, irritated skin)
  • Apply thoroughly
  • Shake well before use (Spray and sticks are available now)
  • Choose water resistant sunscreen
  • SPF 30 works best
  • Wear protective gears
  • Do not use sunscreen on infants or below 6 months
  • Make sure you are not allergic to the ingredients mentioned
  • If you are already using some medicated products, make sure that no interactions occur
  • Works best when applied bare skin or after serum as it protects the skin not only from UV rays but also from the makeup from going deep into skin.
Foods with UV protecting properties:

Apart from sunscreen application and wearing protective gears, here’s an extra dose of sun protection! Yes, there are few foods that help with extra UV protection. Include this in your diet for good results.

  • Berries: Blueberry, strawberry, cherries
  • Red wine (Moderate amounts)
  • Omega-3 rich and Vitamin E foods: Sunflower seeds, salmon, sardines, hemp seeds, nuts, avocado
  • Antioxidants and vitamin C rich: Green tea, pomegranate, dark chocolate, tomatoes, olive oil, watermelon
  • Beta-carotene rich: Carrots, sweet peppers, sweet potato
  • Dark green vegetables: Spinach, kale, broccoli
  • Coffee

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Home remedies to remove tan: Types and concerns

home remedies to remove tan
home remedies to remove tan

Summer and vacations are fun but no one likes to return back having their skin striped like a zebra. Hanging out at the beach or an open pool feels amazing until you realize that you have got two tons of skin! Yes, skin tan it is! But, don’t you worry, there are effective home remedies to remove tan.

Tanned skin is a beauty problem faced by almost every individual including kids too. Scorching heat and the blazing sun rays make your skin appear dull and tanned. Mild exposure to sun is important in the synthesis of vitamin D but excess is harmful. It not only tans the skin but also results in dark spots, premature ageing, loses luster and hyperpigmentation.

Effects of tanning vary according to the skin types. It’s a simple science behind why tanning occurs. Let’s learn more!

What is tanning and how does it happen?

Tanning is a natural process of the body where it protects the skin from sun damage. Sun exposure increases the production of melanin which leads to tanning or darker skin appearance. (Food for glowing skin)

The sun rays comprise 2 types of the rays i.e., UVA and UVB. UVA is responsible for the sun tan whereas UVB causes skin burn by affecting the upper layer of the skin.

UVA goes deep into the lower layers where it triggers melanocytes cells to produce melanin. The more is the exposure to the UV radiations; more melanin is produced and darker the skins appear. Even though sun tan protects the skin from UV rays, it is a sign of skin damage.

The areas that are most prone to sun tan are: Face, arms, neck, back, hands, legs and feet.

Types of skin tan:

There are different types of tans based on the skin type and reaction to the sun. According to the Fitzpatrick skin prototypes, the tans are classified as below:

Skin Color Sun Exposure reactionsTanning Levels
Pale WhiteEasily burnsDoes not tan
WhiteUsually burnsTans with difficulty
BeigeBurns moderatelyTans uniformly
Light brownBurns hardlyTans to moderate brown
BrownRare burnsTans very easily
Dark brown or blackNever burnsTans profusely
Fitzpatrick skin prototypes
Home remedies to remove tan:

Wouldn’t it be amazing to find a de-tan in your kitchen itself? Home remedies to remove tan use natural ingredients that do wonders to your skin. Mentioned below are few handy home remedies for tan removal.

Tomato:

Tomato is a rich source of lycopene, antioxidants and vitamin C. (Antioxidant rich foods) The former acts as a natural sunscreen and the latter two accelerates the collagen growth and prevents the skin from sunburn and pollution. Moreover, it helps in regeneration of cells. It’s also considered as of the easiest home remedies of sunburn.

Take a slice of tomato. Add some sugar to it. Rub on the skin gently.  Leave for 10-25 mins. Rinse.

Gram Flour and turmeric:

This is considered as one of grandma’s best home remedies to remove tan. Gram flour is responsible for skin exfoliation, lightening and anti-ageing. It is also used to remove tan from neck, arms, hands and legs. Turmeric is believed to have skin lightening properties and also have antiseptic and antibacterial properties. (Honey turmeric balls)

Mix 2 spoons of gram flour, 1 spoon of turmeric, 1 spoon of raw milk, ½ spoon of honey and 1-2 spoons of lemon juice. Apply this paste on the affected areas. Scrub well. And then rinse off. Pat dry and apply Aloe Vera gel.

Papaya:

It is one of the ideal de-tan remedies. It contains an enzyme papain, which helps in skin lightening. Mash a slice of papaya and mix well with 1 tablespoon of honey. Apply on the skin and leave for 20 mins. Wash well.

Potato and Lemon Juice:

Both lemon and potato juice have bleaching properties. It helps effectively in removing tan. Care must be taken that lemon juice must always be used in the diluted form. If you are using any citrus product on the skin, don’t forget to apply sunscreen while stepping out. (Oily skin home remedies)

Mix potato and lemon juice. With a cotton swab apply it to affected areas and massage well. Leave it for 30 mins. Wash well. You can also add sugar for mild scrubbing action.

Honey and curd:

Honey has anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties. Besides, the antioxidants present helps to heal the sun damage. Similarly, the natural acids present in the curd act as a bleaching agent. It exfoliates the skin. Together, they make the skin light, soft and supple. (Home remedies for dry skin)

Mix 2-3 tablespoons of curd with 1 tablespoon of honey. Mix and apply as a thick layer. Rest it for 10-15 mins. Wash with lukewarm water.

Oatmeal and buttermilk:

Oatmeal exfoliates and cleanses the skin while buttermilk helps in removing the tan. It improves the skin tone and softens the skin too.

Soak 3 spoons of oatmeal for 15 minutes. Add 2-3 spoons of freshly made buttermilk. Add 1 tablespoon of honey. Mix well. Apply on the face. Rub in circular motion. Leave it for 15-20 minutes. Rinse well with lukewarm water.

Aloe Vera:

Aloe Vera is almost used to treat every skin complexion. On the whole, it has anti-inflammatory properties that helps sooth skin that is tanned. It lightens the skin and protects it from damage caused by UV radiations.

Apply the aloe vera gel overnight. Rinse well in the morning.

Cucumber And Milk:

Cucumber is a rich source of vitamin C and antioxidants. It aids in skin rejuvenation, eliminating tan, soothes skin and keeps the skin clean. Whereas milk helps in skin brightening and lightening. Moreover, together they act as an effective de-tanning remedy. (Dark circle home remedies)

Blend cucumber juice and raw milk. Apply on the skin and leave for 20 mins. Wash well.

Fuller’s earth:

This has been an ancient home remedy to remove tanning. It soothes the burn and makes the skin radiant.

Mix Multani Mitti (Fuller’s earth) and rose water. Make a smooth paste. Apply a layer on the affected skin. Let it dry. Wash with warm water.

How long do tans last?

Usually, the lifespan of the tan is decided based on the skin type. The frequency of skin regeneration also affects tan’s lasting time. Generally speaking, it lasts for around 8-10 days. After that the outer layer of the skin begins to shed off naturally, thus removing the tan.

How to protect sun tan:
  • Apply and reapply sunscreen after certain intervals
  • Use sunglasses and hats
  • Wear protective clothing
  • Stay hydrated
  • Seek shades if possible
  • Exfoliate your skin at regular intervals if you’re exposed to sun for a longer time
Major concern related to skin tanning:

Both UVA and UVB rays may cause severe skin issues if the skin is exposed to this radiation to a greater extent. UVA goes deeper inside the skin and may damage a person’s immune system. It leads to a type of skin cancer called Melanoma. Correspondingly, UVB exposure increases the danger of causing other 2 types of skin cancer namely, basal and squamous cell carcinoma.

Exposure to UVB rays also increases your danger of getting two other types of skin cancer: basal and squamous cell carcinoma.

It is always recommended to protect your skin from these radiations. 

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Let’s make every dish tasty and nutritious by ‘hidden’ nutrition of veggies, herbs and nuts.

Check the Recipe made with Iyurved’s secret health ingredient- DAILY NUTRITION spread.

CHECK MORE HEALTHY RECIPES LOVED BY KIDS.


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We are happy to introduce our range of nutritious & tasty products for kids!!
We know that preparing and feeding healthy foods everyday is a huge task. Even more tough when kids are picky eaters. Kids prefer certain foods and formats. It is not easy to feed kids bitter Ayurvedic herbs, variety of vegetables, fruits, nuts and seeds everyday.
Mixed with Ayurvedic herbs, this unique product is an easy solution to feed daily nutrition for Immunity, Brain development, Bone strength and overall-growth to kids without any fuss.


India’s First Tasty Kids Nutrition fortified with Ayurvedic herbs.

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