We all love our skin and do care for that. It’s a universal desire to have flawless skin. Yet, sometimes we find ourselves at a stage where we struggle to meet our skin expectations. Dark spots, undoubtedly, are the most common skin issue that is faced across the world. Dark spots aren’t necessarily a condition but the change in the colour of the skin which is usually harmless. The benefit of vitamin C along with the other ingredients for dark spots are well known.
The colour differences of the skin in humans are mainly due to the natural pigment granules present and the amount of the melanin produced. Melanin is pigment which is made by the cells in the skin which provides coloration to the skin and is responsible for the dark spots too. The light and the dark skin complexion depend on the amount of the melanin produced in your body. But how do we reduce the dark spots on the face?
Well, where do we even begin? There are a lot of ingredients but vitamin C has captivated the entire cosmetic industry because of its potential benefits. It is legendary in the skin care world and is known as the powerhouse. Vitamin C, on the other hand, is the holy grail (for a good reason) for many skin-related issues. The benefit of vitamin C are for reducing dark spots are massive!
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Why do dark spots occur?
Dark spots occur when the skin generates more melanin. All types of the skin are affected with this. The types in which the dark spots appear may be melasma, post inflammatory hyperpigmentation (inflammation due to acne, pimples, eczema, burn or frictions), sunspots and even freckles. There are a lot of factors that could cause dark spots on the face. Here are a few:
- Excess sun exposure (Tips to use sunscreen)
- High production of melanin
- Heredity of skin pigmentation
- Inflammatory Diseases
- Pregnancy or hormonal causes
- Chemical or physical injury
- Frequent exposure to some cosmetic product
How to reduce dark spots naturally?
There is no specific model for the mechanism behind the formation of dark spots. Additionally, the development of dark spots is ambiguous and unpredictable. However, there are few ingredients that help in reducing the dark spots.
1. Vitamin C:
It has been recognized as one of the most effective antioxidant (Foods with anti-oxidants) ingredients on the market. The benefit of topical vitamin C (also known as ascorbic acid) is thta it promotes collagen production, protects skin from sun UV rays, impedes melanin production (NIH), prevents existing pigments from getting darker and lightens the dark spots.
This is an effective botanical ingredient that helps in fighting the dark spots. Studies have shown that licorice root extract contains active components known as glabridin and liquiritin which helps in treating dark spots. The former one helps in retaining the enzyme that produces melanin and the latter one breaks up the melanin hence, reducing the pigmentation. Consequently, it reduces the dark spot on the face.
3. Aloe barbadensis (Aloe vera) leaf juice:
Aloe Vera is the king when it comes to skin. Aloin and Aloesin are the active ingredients present in Aloe Vera. This active could work effectively in reducing dark spots over the period of time. Moreover, it is also responsible for soothing and moisturizing the skin. Aloin has been shown to break down melanin in the skin, whereas aloesin suppresses melanin development by decreasing the action of tyrosinase, an enzyme that produces melanin (NIH).
4. Papaya fruit extract:
Papaya is considered as a natural exfoliant. It contains phytochemicals, fruit acid, beta-carotene, vitamins and enzymes, papain being the major one. It helps in breaking down the skin cells in and improves the skin by breaking the topmost layer of the skin. Thus, reducing the dark spots and enhancing the skin complexion.
5. Strawberry begonia extract:
Saxifraga sarmentosa is the extract from the herb strawberry begonia. It is widely known for its antioxidant and astringent properties. This herb has been used as a cosmetic ingredient for its skin whitening properties. Apart from reducing dark spots it also assists skin tightening and degreases oily skin.
6. Guava fruit extract:
This fruit extract is the newest source of skin care ingredients in the OTC products. Guava fruit extract helps in reducing the dark spots as it is rich in vitamin A, vitamin C and potassium. It reduces the wrinkles, pigmentation, inflammation and tones the skin.
Which ingredients to avoid?
Despite the fact that every skin care product claims to reduce black spots, there are a few skin care chemicals that must be avoided. When taken for an extended period of time, they can cause serious harm. Therefore, when looking for a solution to help fade black spots, it’s important to do your research. Some cosmetics contain substances that are potentially detrimental to your skin and health. Here are a few to mention:
- Liquid Bleach
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