Dengue is the fastest spreading mosquito-borne viral disease in the world, affecting greater than 100 million humans annually, thas why prevention for dengue fever is very important in kids. Dengue virus is caused and spread by the infected Aedes mosquito bite. The dengue virus generally spreads in the monsoon season when the weather is warm and humid. Dengue is extremely common in tropical and subtropical areas and it can also infect anyone within any age group, whether it’s children or adults. The incidence of dengue has increased dramatically over the past few decades.
Causes of dengue
Dengue fever is caused by any of four similar viruses spread by mosquitoes of the genus Aedes. When an Aedes mosquito bites a person who has been infected with a dengue virus, the mosquito can become a carrier of the virus. If this mosquito bites someone else, that person can be infected with dengue fever. The virus can’t spread directly from person to person
Symptoms of dengue
Initially the symptoms of dengue re mild like any other fever, but as a parent you have to look closely and get your child properly checked if he/she has following symptoms:
- High fever, in some cases as high as 105 degree F. fever may begin with flu and cold symptoms. (Home remedies for cold and flu)
- Severity of muscle spasms and joint pain.
- Severe headache
- Rashes all over the body. These rashes can be in patches and itchy too.
- Unusual Irritability and fussiness.
- Loss of appetite. (Tips o improve appetite)
- mild bleeding from the nose or gums
- Mild bruising.
You must also look out for the signs of dehydration, such as if your child urinates less frequently, has a dry mouth, tongue, lips, sunken soft spot on the head (in an infant’s case) and few or no tears while crying. In these cases you must immediately seek medical help.
Diagnose of dengue
You are advised to confirm the dengue virus in your child through a blood test. A comprehensive blood test helps in identifying the severity of the dengue infection in children. The doctor could even inquire about the symptoms and exposure to mosquitoes of your baby.
There is no specific medicine to treat dengue. Mild symptoms can be treated at home, but if you notice any of the above mentioned symptoms, please visit your doctor immediately. Below are some precautions you can take at home.
- Make your baby rest as much as possible
- Give medicine for fever as prescribed by the doctor
- Offer plenty of fluids to keep them hydrated, because fever can make them sweat excessively and cause dehydration in kids.
About 1 in 20 people with dengue will develop severe dengue. Severe dengue requires hospitalization and can be life threatening.
prevention for dengue fever
Right now there is no vaccine for prevention of dengue fever. The best protection is to prevent bites by an infected mosquito. Following are some precautions that you can take:
- Make your child wear full sleeves tshirts and full pants.
- Keep your house mosquito free by using screens on windows and doors.
- Limit the time your kids spend outside, especially in the hours around dawn and dusk, when mosquitoes are most active.
- Mosquitoes lay their egg in water, so don’t give them standing water to breed. Drain collected water regularly
- Use insect repellent as directed on kids.
Home remedies for dengue
With some home remedies you can effectively control dengue fever at home. These remedies can help you to improve your child’s platelet count.
PLENTY OF FLUIDS:
Offer plenty of fluids to keep them hydrated, because fever can make them sweat excessively and cause dehydration in kids. You can offer your child water or oral rehydration solution. Give a small amount of fluid at a time but multiple times in a day. Apart from this you can also offer hot homemade soups, which are full of essential vitamins and minerals and are easy to digest. Avoid drinks with caffeine, including colas and tea, because they can make dehydration worse by increasing urination
Papaya leaf juice:
Papaya leaf juice is the great remedy to increase platelet count. It is also high in vitamin c which improves immunity. Papaya leaf juice can also help in reducing fever. Take some papaya leaves and crush them to extract juice out of it. Make your child drink this juice in small quantity at least twice a day.
Giloy is used to treat a wide range of health conditions including dengue fever by boosting immunity which helps in fighting dengue fever effectively. It also helps in increasing the platelet count and gives relief to the patient. You can make giloy juice by boiling two small stems of a giloy plant in a glass of water. Drink this warm for better results.
Guava leaf juice:
Guava leaves are very helpful in curing dengue fever. It can raise the number of platelets in the blood. Boil 8-9 pieces of guava leaves in 6 cups of water until it becomes half. Then strain and cool it. Give a cup of this to dengue patients at least twice a day.
Tulsi is an important herb and every household should have it. With its antibiotic properties, it is very effective in bringing the fever down. Add a few leaves of tulsi to boiling water, allow it to boil for 2 minutes, strain the water and make your child drink this multiple times a day to lower their temperature. Also tulsi leaves have essential oils with natural insecticidal properties which keep mosquitoes at bay.
People have used ginger as one of the herbal home remedies of fever . It has anti-inflammatory antibacterial, antiviral properties that make it an excellent home remedy for fever. You can make ginger tea for the fever. Take a small piece of ginger and grate it and add it to a cup of water. Boiling water boils for a couple of minutes and then takes it out of the flame. Add a little honey and make your child drink this ginger tea three to four times a day.
Keep your kid’s immunity high
Do your child often fall sick with fever, cold and cough? The food we eat plays a key role in determining the overall health and immunity. It gives the body a condition of being able to resist a particular disease. By adding these foods to your kid’s diet you can prevent them from falling sick again and again by boosting their immunity.
Giloy is used to treat the range of health conditions. It contains important plant compounds like terpenoids, alkaloids, lignans, and steroids. Research shows that these compounds have antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antidiabetic properties, among other benefits which help to boost immunity.
Tulsi leaves have been scientifically proven to have medicinal properties. It also has antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal effects, rich in vitamin c and zinc and thus keeps the infection at a bay and naturally boosts the immunity.
Amla is a storehouse of antioxidants. It is one of the richest sources of vitamin C, which is known to boost immunity. It has antibacterial and astringent properties that boosts immunity.
As an anti-oxidant, boosting immunity is one of the most popular benefits of Ashwagandha for kids. The root activates and increases the levels of enzymes and macrophages, a type of white blood cell that kills bad viruses and bacterias. It also promotes the development of antibodies, which is a major factor in improving the body’s response to a health-threatening infection.
A compound found in turmeric, Curcumin, offers therapeutic relief and is a perfect immunity booster for kids. It has a a very high antioxidant value to protect body from invading infections. It is also rich in vitamin A, Thiamine (B1), Riboflavin (B2) and vitamin C.
The vitamin E found in nuts like almonds, cashews, peanuts and hazelnut help the immune system to fight against invading bacteria. They are a great source of antioxidants that keep the body healthy and disease free by neutralizing free radicals and reducing inflammation.
Seeds are an incredible source of nutrients. Sunflower seeds are rich in magnesium, vitamin E, antioxidants and good fats. Together they help to boost immunity. Pumpkin seeds are rich in Vitamin E which is necessary for immunity building and also packed with other bone-building nutrients like potassium, magnesium and vitamin K. Melon seeds are a good source of zinc. It helps to boost our immunity, helps in digestion, cell growth, and keeps your nervous system healthy.
Cocoa contains flavonoid, a naturally occurring compound found in plants which act as antioxidant and help in counteracting free radicals in the body. Also rich in zinc, iron, copper, and vitamins like A, B12 and K. Vitamin E is a potent antioxidant and has an ability to modulate host immune functions. Vitamin E is key for strong immunity and healthy skin and eyes. In recent years, vitamin E supplements have become popular as antioxidants.
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