Oppositional Defiant disorder (ODD) in Children

Oppositional defiant disorder

Does your child frequently get into arguments? Did your child get angry easily? Is your child trying to irritate or annoy people on purpose? Does your child say harsh and hateful words when disturbed? It is very common for most kids to throw temper tantrums or act impulsively or defiantly. These are frequently typical phases of childhood development. But when the behaviour is consistent, prolonged, or out of place for the child’s age and stage of development, it could be a symptom of oppositional defiant disorder. Keep reading to understand more about oppositional defiant disorder.

WHATSAPP for concerns like Speech Delay, Low Weight, Frequent Illness, Hyperactivity, Low Concentration, Weak Eyesight, Improper Sleep, Pigmentation, Pores, Face Marks, Fine Lines , Lactation etc.

What is Oppositional defiant disorder?

Defiance and disobedience towards authority people are characteristics of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). Disruptive behaviour disorder, or ODD, can result in serious issues at home and also in the classroom. When a child is a toddler or adolescent, oppositional conduct is a common developmental stage. However, when compared to other people of the same age, that conduct becomes hostile, frequent, and excessive, it may signify ODD. It can typically begin as early as 8 years or even up to 12 years in some kids.

Also check, Conduct disorder in Kids

Difference between ASD, ADHD and ODD

Around 40% of kids with ADHD and ASD are dealing with oppositional defiant disorder. Even though these conditions frequently coexist, they all are separate conditions.

ADHD: Children with ADHD have trouble paying attention, controlling in impulsive actions, and regulating their restless feelings.

ODD: The behaviour of a child and how they communicate with their parents, siblings, elders, teachers, and peers are factors in ODD.

ASD: Autism spectrum disorder is a complex condition which is indicated by facing challenges in interpersonal and communication skills, sensory sensitivities, obsessive and rigid behaviours.

Also check, Tips to improve concentration

Causes of Oppositional defiant disorder

It is possible that a lot of biological, mental and social issues are likely to cause oppositional defiant disorder. These issues tend to overlap with each other. Here are some causes of oppositional defiant disorder:

HEREDITARY CAUSES

There is a high probability of oppositional defiant disorder being hereditary. This indicates that when a close member of the family has a psychiatric disorder, a mood related issue, or a personality disorder, it may pass on the conduct disorder to their offspring.

Also check, Toe walking in kids

BIOLOGICAL ISSUES

The oppositional defiant disorder in kids and teens may be driven by the damage of the specific part of the brain which is responsible for controlling the behaviour, feelings, and impulses. Mental disorders including ADHD, chronic anxiety, or learning issues could also be other biological causes of oppositional defiant disorder.

Also check, Social emotional development of kids

SOCIAL ISSUES

Family related issues, child abuse, traumatic events, strict parenting, poor education and insufficient monitoring are all highly associated with oppositional defiant  disorder.

Also check, Tips for anger management in kids

COGNITIVE ISSUES

Children with oppositional defiant disorder may have low levels of intelligence, lower economic level, and be rejected by society.

Also check, Asperger’s syndrome

Symptoms of oppositional defiant disorder

Children and teens with  oppositional defiant disorder will display three or more of the following signs,

  • Frequently irritated
  • Arguing back with the adult or refusing to do what they ask
  • Intentionally causing annoyance to others
  • Being bitter and resentful
  • Accusing others of wrongdoing

Also check, Early signs of autism

Ways to control oppositional defiant disorder

Treating oppositional defiant disorder is quite challenging as kids and teens hardly exhibit something inappropriate with their behaviour. Showing anger and forcing them to act good won’t work. The best way to manage kids or teens with oppositional defiant disorder is to move them from their problematic surroundings and place them in a highly organised environment. Here are some of the ways to control oppositional defiant disorder:

1.DIALECTICAL/COGNITIVE BEHAVIOURAL THERAPY

DBT is a kind of cognitive-behavioural therapy that seeks to alter behaviour by helping people acknowledge and embrace their emotions. It seeks to alter their behaviour by acknowledging and accepting their current emotions and providing tools that can help with regulating their emotions and improving tolerance and mindfulness. This cognitive behavioural therapy has been adapted to accommodate the unique needs of children. Its main goals are teaching coping mechanisms, identifying problematic thought patterns, and regulating intense emotions.

Also check, Benefits of behavioural therapies

2.PSYCHOTHERAPY

Psychotherapy focuses on assisting kids by having conversations with them individually regarding how to express emotions and manage their anger. It might enhance the kid’s self-worth and it can also help them to become skilled.

Also check, Therapies of Autism

3.FAMILY COUNSELLING

Family counselling includes mom, dad, siblings and other family members to take part in the therapy session. It can aid in improving family communication and teaching parents some tactics for resolving conflicts with their children to make it safer in the family. In some cases, strengthening the bond between parents and children can also enhance family dynamics.

Also check, Tips for personality development

4.GROUP THERAPY

To promote empathy in kids and teens, group therapy will help. Group therapy can be performed with the classmates or friends of your kid which might help your kid to develop their social and communication skills.

Also check, How to manage tantrums in kids?

5. School based supportive therapy

ODD can be effectively treated using supportive therapies that enhance academic performance, social interactions, and problem-solving abilities. Such approaches could consist of:

  • The teacher of your kid will receive training and resources to enhance classroom behaviour.
  • They should be trained in using some methods for preventing oppositional behaviour or its escalation.

Also check, Speech therapy fun exercises

Foods that help to manage oppositional defiant disorder

1.NUTS:

All the nuts like almonds, cashew, peanuts and hazelnuts are rich in vitamin E and omega 3 fatty acid. Research has established a link between omega 3 fatty acids and brain development in early childhood. These healthy fats have amazing brain boosting power and play a vital role in enhancing memory and attention span.

2.SEEDS:

Apart from nuts, seeds like sunflower, melon and pumpkins also contain powerful antioxidants like vitamin E that protect the brain from free radical damage. Sunflower seeds impact overall mood and mental processing powers and therefore it is considered a brain boosting snack. Pumpkin seeds are high in magnesium, copper, and much higher in zinc than other seeds, which help in increasing concentration and memory. One of the easiest to feed brain boosting foods for kids.

3.JOWAR FLOUR:

Jowar, which is rich in iron, can also lessen ADHD symptoms like anxiety, hyperactivity, and tantrums. Iron has the ability to relax the nervous system, which helps the child with ADHD syndrome to become more at ease.

Also check, 8 Ways to manage hyperactivity

4.HERBS:
GOTUKOLA:

Gotukola has strong anti-oxidant qualities and enhances cognition, memory, and mental performance. It gently relaxes the nervous system while also encouraging alertness—the best possible state of consciousness for any form of mental focus, study, or cognition.

Also, check 5 Ayurvedic herbs that are safe for kids

SPEARMINT:

Spearmint extract has higher quantities of phenolic compounds that enhance working memory, spatial working memory and also increase attention, concentration, and brain function by promoting the formation and protection of new brain cells.

ST. JOHN’S WORT:

St John’s wort contains chemical messengers like Hyperforin and Adhyperforin. These chemicals has antidepressant properties. The extracts of this herb enhance mood, focus, and also reduce anxiety and insomnia. According to several studies, adolescents with ADHD may benefit from taking St. John’s wort every day for four weeks. It is also used to treat problems including anxiety, exhaustion, appetite loss, and difficulty sleeping that might occasionally accompany depression.

PASSION FLOWER:

The chemicals in the passion flower provide a calming and relaxing effect. Early research indicates that taking passion flower orally for eight weeks may help some ADHD symptoms in kids aged 6 to 13 years.

Also, check What is Sensory Processing Disorder?

VALERIAN:

The herb valerian has relaxation properties. Additionally, it contains some anticonvulsant qualities that might be advantageous for kids who are prone to seizure activity. Children with ADHD, cognitive impairment, hyperactivity, irritability, anxiety, behavioural regulation, and neurodevelopmental abnormalities can benefit from valerian for improved attention and sleep.

Also check, Tips to manage sleep talking in kids

LAVENDER:

The most well-known essential oil for soothing is lavender. Lavender essential oil can be helpful for reducing anxiety and making you feel more at ease, which may help with ADHD symptoms. The aroma of lavender oil can calm and soothe the nervous system. Its relaxing qualities can benefit autistic children by enhancing their sleep quality and also assisting their bodies in combating emotional stress.

Also check, Brain development food for children

TURMERIC:

Curcumin, an active ingredient in turmeric is known to improve spatial memory, long-time retrieval and also visual memory as per a study. It helps in managing anxiety, depression etc which is commonly seen in people with ADHD disorder.

Also, check Asthma: 7 foods that help

GINKGO BILOBA:

Ginkgo biloba is a promising herbal supplement that may alter the neural system in a disorder similar to ADHD. It also helps in enhancing the memory and cognitive performance. According to a study, Children who took a ginkgo extract daily for three to five weeks showed a decrease in the symptoms of ADHD.

Also check, Activities for brain development

5.SUNFLOWER LECITHIN:

Sunflower lecithin is an excellent source of choline, a vital nutrient required for a variety of health functions. Since choline is a precursor to acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter involved in memory and learning, choline is also particularly significant for maintaining good brain function.

Also check, Foods to manage hyperactivity in kids

6.ROSEMARY EXTRACT:

Research found that exposure to the aroma of rosemary oil improved people’s performance on thinking tasks in terms of speed and also accuracy.

Also check, Healthy diet plan for autism


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Breastfeeding schedule: A guide for feeding your baby

Breastfeeding

Are you a new mother who is unsure of how long to breastfeed your newborn? Do you know how frequently you need to nurse your baby? Have you noticed that your baby seems to be more hungry than usual? When you are a new parent, finding out the reason behind your baby’s crying can look like a mystery. The good news is that part of the mystery can be avoided by carefully following the breastfeeding schedule. Here is the breastfeeding schedule that new moms can follow during the first year of babies. Keep reading to find more details.

WHATSAPP for concerns like Speech Delay, Low Weight, Frequent Illness, Hyperactivity, Low Concentration, Weak Eyesight, Improper Sleep, Pigmentation, Pores, Face Marks, Fine Lines, Lactation etc.

Importance of breastfeeding

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) strongly recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life and to continue it for at least 12 months. Breastfeeding is a good choice for both babies and mothers. For babies, it can protect against infections and reduce the rates of future health problems like diabetes, obesity, and asthma. For mothers, breastfeeding helps the uterus to contract and bleeding to cease more quickly after delivery.  Breastfeeding also reduces the risk of breast and ovarian cancer and also provides a great way for mothers to bond with their babies. You can either feed the baby directly or pump your milk and use a bottle to feed the baby.

Also check, Nutritional needs for breastfeeding moms

Breastfeeding schedule for babies

Every baby is unique. Newborns start growing very quickly as soon as they are born. While every baby’s feeding requirements may vary slightly depending on their weight, age, and other aspects, the majority of moms will adhere to a regular breastfeeding schedule. Knowing how much to feed your newborn baby is very difficult. Let your baby decide how much he/she wants to drink. You should not feed forcefully. Consult your doctor if required. Guide to feed your newborn:

AgeWhat to feedAmount feedFeeding frequency/day
0-1 monthsBreastmilk45-90 ml every 2 to 3 hours8 to 12 times
(on demand )
1-2 monthsBreastmilk120 ml every 3 to 4 hours 6 to 8 times 
2-4 monthsBreastmilk120-180 ml every 3 to 4 hours6 to 7 times
4-6 monthsBreastmilk120-230 ml every 3 to 4 hours6 to 7 times
6-9 monthsBreastmilk+
Fruit and 
vegetable purees
180-230 ml every 3 to 4 hours+
2 to 4 teaspoons of solids
5 to 6 times
9-12 monthsBreastmilk+
Fruits 
Vegetables 
Dairy products
180-230 ml every 4 hours+
3 to 4 teaspoons of solids
5 to 6 times

Also check, Foremilk and Hindmilk imbalance

Guide for new moms for feeding a baby during first year

Here is a guide for new moms to breastfeed a baby according to the age:

1.Feeding schedule for newborns:
  • The belly of your newborn baby is really small. For each feed, he or she doesn’t require more milk to feel full.
  • Your infant might have the urge to eat every one to three hours. 
  • Regular breastfeedings encourage your infant to practise sucking and swallowing while also helping to boost your breast milk supply.

Also check, Foods to increase breast size

Tips for breastfeeding a newborn
  • Make sure your child latches on comfortably. It can be challenging at first, especially for new mothers, but eventually your baby might start to latch more easily
  • Calculate the interval between breastfeeding 
  • Each time you feed, switch between the breasts.
  • You might need to nurse more frequently when your baby gets bigger.
  • Keep an eye out for your baby’s fullness cues. 
  • Finish the feeding when your baby feel disengaged 

Also check, Tips to prevent clogged ducts

2. Breastfeeding schedule for 3 month old babies

It can be challenging to make little changes once you and your infant have established a routine. You will need to modify your baby’s feeding plan as he/she develops and her nutritional requirements alter.

  • Your child will start to become more active at 3 months, start to nurse less frequently, and possibly sleep through the night for extended amounts of time.
  • Your baby is likely to receive the proper nutrients if you notice the weight gain and growth at a regular rate.
  • Another excellent way to tell if a baby is eating properly is by counting how many of his diapers are wet. An infant needs four to six wet diapers each day on average.

Also check, Best foods to increase breast milk supply

3. Feeding schedule for 6 month old babies

Based on the physical development of the baby, the solids are introduced. Firstly, proper development of digestive enzymes is required. The digestive enzymes in the stomach develop between 4 to 6 months and it aids in digestion. Early introduction of solids before proper development of digestive enzymes leads to more digestive problems and food allergies. Secondly, good head and neck control is required to easily accept solids, chew and swallow them. In addition to this, you can introduce solids when your child shows interest in food or is still hungry after being breastfed. You can design a meal plan or food chart for your baby and follow it. Since milk is still the prime source of nutrition to the babies, introduce solids between the milk feeds.

Also check, 6 month baby food chart

4. Feeding schedule for 7 to 9 month old:

At 7 to 9 months, it can be advantageous to increase the types and amount of solid meals in your baby’s diet. 

  • Your baby might only require four to five midday feedings at this point.
  • Introduce different flavours and varieties of food to your baby by pureeing them with only one component, then slowly introduce combos to his meals.
  • As your baby’s body grows and needs solid foods for nutrition, he or she may gradually start to wean off breast milk.

There are two approaches to weaning from breastfeeding namely traditional approach and Baby Led Weaning approach. 

  • In Traditional weaning for babies approach, you feed your baby and gradually introduce solid foods. You will begin with smooth purees before moving to mashed and chopped foods, then finger foods and finally small bites. 
  • In the Baby led weaning approach, babies are encouraged to self-feed from the start. You can introduce solid foods as finger foods and allow your child to explore solids at their own pace. 

Also check, Tips to wean off a baby

5. Feeding schedule for 9 to 12 month old

Around 9 months of age, the food schedule of a baby should consist of three proper meals a day with one or two healthy snacks in between. These snacks can include fruits, finger foods, or any light preparations. In spite of this your baby still needs breast milk or formula milk as an important part of his/her meal plan. Milk is the most essential source of protein and at this age the baby needs ample protein as it is the building block of the body.

Also check, Feeding schedule for 9 to 10 months old

6. Feeding schedule for 1 year old
  • The fact that your kid can now consume more food in a single sitting may be causing him to eat less frequently.
  • Provide your 1 year old with generally three meals and two to three snacks each day.
  • A toddler may breastfeed one or more times each day.
  • Some mothers prefer to nurse just at night or in the day.

Also check, Foods for 1 year old

Foods that help to meet the nutritional needs of breastfeeding moms

1. FENUGREEK:

Fenugreek is one of the most effective meals for increasing milk supply and quality. It helps in adding vitamin A, B1, B2, C and calcium to activate the mammary glands to boost the production of breast milk which helps to increase weight in newborns. 

Also check, Nuts and seeds that help with milk production

2. MORINGA:

Moringa is rich in iron, vital for a nursing mom. It helps in restoring the lost blood during labour. Also, Moringa, being high in Vitamin K, aids in blood coagulation. It is very beneficial for ladies who are experiencing heavy postpartum bleeding. Consuming moringa leaves can also assist with labour discomfort. The anti-inflammatory and antibacterial characteristics can help in removing uterine sluggishness following birth.

Also, check 20 Best foods for Healthy Body and Hair

3. SHATAVARI:

This Ayurvedic herb has been used to help women with breastfeeding concerns, aids cellular damage, boosts immunity, and helps with constipation. Shatavari has antidepressant chemicals as well. As a result, it can help to prevent postpartum depression or anxiety, which are common among nursing moms.

Also check, How shatavari helps to improve fertility

4. GINGER:

Breastfeeding women who wish to produce a good milk supply or maintain their supply might benefit from consuming ginger.It is widely administered to women in the early postpartum period to aid in the healing process.Digestive enzymes supplied to the infant through breast milk may help digestion in a baby’s undeveloped stomach, alleviating colic symptoms in newborns.

Also, check How to gain weight for kids?

5. NUTS:

Nuts like peanuts, Almonds, Cashew, and Hazelnut are packed with protein and fibre. It is rich in micronutrients like zinc, iron, copper, and folic acid. Some people are concerned about the high-fat content of nuts, although the majority of the fat is “healthy” monounsaturated fat. These nuts help to boost milk production. These are a reasonably good source of proteins and also healthy fats, ensuring a healthy weight gain for the baby.

Also check, Best nuts and seeds

6. SEEDS:

During the first two years of life, the brain grows at its fastest. As a result, the crucial fatty acid DHA, which promotes brain development, is a key component of breast milk. Moms may ensure that their milk is full of omega-3 fatty acids by consuming omega-3 fatty acid-rich foods such as ground flax seeds, chia seeds, pumpkin seeds, and sunflower seeds.

Also, check Baby Poop Types and Colour: What does it mean?

7. JAGGERY:

Iron and essential minerals like potassium, magnesium, and phosphorus are abundant in jaggery. It helps in the build-up of milk in the breast. Eating it with a piece of Garlic can help boost breast milk production.

Also, check Growth Spurts in Kids

8. TURMERIC:

For hundreds of years, this golden spice has been utilised in Ayurvedic medicine as the best galactagogue (the food that boosts milk production).  Hence, Turmeric may help nursing mothers by increasing milk production, boosting immunity, relieving pain, and lowering depression.

Also check, Home remedies for dry cough

9. VITAMIN E:

Vitamin E is only transferred to the foetus through the placenta during pregnancy, therefore breast milk is the only source of this nutrient for exclusively breastfed newborns. This is an important strategy to provide the infant with antioxidant protection while also stimulating immune system development. A strong immune system is also responsible for healthy weight gain.

Also check, Benefits of Vitamin E for skin and hair

10. SUNFLOWER LECITHIN:

It is a natural fat emulsifier that can aid to lessen the “thickness and stickiness” of milk. It may also help release existing fatty blockages, boosting milk flow and quantity of milk supply.

Also check, Hearing aids and Speech development

11. COCOA SOLIDS:

It’s chocolate, but it’s healthy!!! It can assist nursing mothers in increasing their milk production. It not only delivers excellent nutrition to enhance a nursing mother’s milk production, but it also gives a slew of additional health advantages to a new mother.

Also check, How to increase the weight of the baby

12. CINNAMON:

Cinnamon promotes the flow of mother’s milk. For milk stimulation, combine honey, milk, and cinnamon powder. Having honey and cinnamon is therefore not only healthful but is also a fantastic choice for increasing milk production.

Also, check Role of Prebiotics and Probiotics in Digestion


Product

It’s no SECRET that following an Ayurvedic lifestyle has numerous advantages. This unique collection of Ayurvedic spreads is an easy solution to improve the quality and quantity of breast milk in breast feeding moms and helps in postpartum recovery. To know more about mom ayurvedic foods –SHOP HERE.

2 tablespoons of Milk Jaggery Spread will help to boost milk supply, quality, supply & mothers’ and baby’s health.

foods for breast milk

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Tips to Manage Pregnancy related Gastrointestinal issues

Gastrointestinal

Pregnancy is the most unexceptional moment in a woman’s life with a rollercoaster of emotions. As a baby grows, the body of a pregnant woman will change constantly thereby causing various gastrointestinal issues. Also, you may have a strong desire for all of the world’s delectable meals and go insane over them, but limiting your taste buds for a few months and being extra careful with your diet can be good for you and your child. Keep reading to find more details about common gastrointestinal issues during pregnancy and also some tips to manage it.

WHATSAPP for concerns like Speech Delay, Low Weight, Frequent Illness, Hyperactivity, Low Concentration, Weak Eyesight, Improper Sleep, Pigmentation, Pores, Face Marks, Fine Lines, Lactation etc.

How does your digestion change during pregnancy?

Pregnancy can give tremendous pressure to the digestive system of a woman. As the baby develops, it may press the oesophagus, stomach as well as intestine. This can result in digestive issues. Also, the elevation of pregnancy hormones including oestrogen and progesterone can impact digestion and cause gastrointestinal issues like nausea or vomiting, frequent burping, acid reflux, bloating, constipation. Every trimester brings about a variety of physical changes, many of which might affect the gastrointestinal system.

Also check, Foods to be avoided for pregnant ladies

Gastrointestinal issues1st Trimester2nd Trimester3rd Trimester
Morning sickness
Constipation
Diarrhea
Acid reflux
Food cravings
Food sensitivities
Upper GI pain
Bloating
Gall stones 

Although these are general symptoms, each person may experience them differently depending on their hormones and diet.

Also check, Foods to increase breast milk supply

Tips for managing the symptoms of pregnancy related gastrointestinal issues

Here are some common pregnancy related gastrointestinal issues and also some of the tips to manage the symptoms:

1.Morning sickness

Around 8 out of 10 pregnant women are dealing with morning sickness. It can cause nausea or vomiting as well as upset stomach.  Although the exact cause is unclear, experts believe that hormonal shifts are to blame.

Tips to manage morning sickness

  • Drink plenty of water. Sip water on a regular basis to avoid being dehydrated.
  • Try ginger, sour candies and mint 
  • Consume little low-fat and high-carb meals frequently
  • Eliminate nausea triggering foods and odours
  • Sleep more (Tiredness can increase the vomiting sensation)

Also check, Foods to treat migraines

2. Diarrhea

Early pregnancy diarrhea and watery stool are frequently brought on by food changes and also hormonal shifts. Pregnancy raises the oxytocin hormone levels, which causes the digestive tract to contract more and function quickly.

Tips to manage diarrhea

  • Drink plenty of water. Sip water on a regular basis to avoid being dehydrated.
  • Add probiotics and prebiotics in your diet to improve the gut health and digestion
  • Try banana, buttermilk, boiled potato and rice water.
  • Avoid fried or spicy foods and limit dairy foods.

Also check, Home remedies for diarrhea

3. Constipation

Constipation is a very common problem during pregnancy. This can be caused due to the pressure in the intestine. As the baby develops, the progesterone hormone levels will significantly increase which leads to delay in the movement of intestines and constipation.

Tips to manage constipation

  • Increase the fluid intake 
  • Consume fibre rich foods like vegetables, sprouts and fruits
  • Include probiotic foods in your diet
  • Include simple physical exercises like walking in your routine

Also check, Fibre rich foods to prevent constipation

4. Acid reflux

Up to half of pregnant women will experience acid reflux when they reach their third trimester. Due to pregnancy-related hormonal imbalances,  the muscle between the oesophagus and stomach relaxes throughout pregnancy. Also, the pressure on the stomach also grows as the uterus expands. Acid reflux is likely to occur because of these issues.

Tips to manage acid reflux or heartburn

  • Instead of eating three full meals, eat small meals when you are hungry.
  • Don’t eat quickly
  • Avoid fried or spicy foods 
  • Don’t consume citrus fruits or juice.
  • Restrict your caffeine (coffee or tea) intake.

Also check, Home remedies for acid reflux

5. Bloating

Hormonal changes during pregnancy are one potential reason for bloating. As a result of the womb’s relaxation caused by pregnancy hormones, digestion is slowed. Bloating can be frequently associated with frequent belching and constipation.

Tips to manage bloating

  • Increase the fluid intake 
  • Consume fibre rich foods like vegetables, sprouts and fruits
  • Include probiotic foods in your diet
  • Avoid drinking fizzy drinks
  • Avoid gassy foods (some millets and legumes)

Also check, Foods that cause bloating

Foods that help to manage gastrointestinal issues

1.Probiotic foods
YOGURT:

Yogurt is one of the best sources of probiotics, which helps in strengthening the digestive tract and also promotes gut health. It is high in protein, calcium, vitamins and also probiotics which can enhance the good bacteria in the gut. Yogurt is the best food for gut health.

Also check, Foods to increase breast size

KEFIR:

Kefir is a fermented milk drink similar to a thin yogurt that is made from kefir grains, which are high in good bacteria. The process of making is similar to yogurt, but the fermentation process in Kefir is for 24 hours. The result is not a sour curd, but rather a tasty one. You can also load it up with nuts, seeds and also berries to make a shake high in antioxidants, probiotics and prebiotics.

Also check, 12 Best foods to increase breast milk quality

FERMENTED FOOD:

People have been using fermentation techniques from ages to boost food’s shelf life and to increase its nutritive values. It’s a process through which microorganisms like yeast and bacteria convert the carbohydrates in the food to acids, which act as a natural preservative and also promotes the growth of good bacteria. They are the best food to treat gastrointestinal issues. Some fermented foods are kimchi, made from fermented vegetables such as radish and cabbage; it’s a popular Korean dish. Miso is a Japanese seasoning, made from fermented soybeans. Sauerkraut is a traditional food of Europe and made from fermenting finely chopped cabbage. Traditional buttermilk is the leftover liquid you can get during the making of butter and also contains lots of probiotics.

Also check, Causes of libido loss in men

CHEESE:

Cheese is good for gut health. There are many kinds of cheese which are prepared by fermentation, but all do not contain probiotics. Only soft cheeses made up of unpasteurized milk, such as cheddar, mozzarella and also Swiss are rich in probiotics. The longer the cheese ages the more beneficial bacteria develops in it for your gut health.

Also check, How age affects libido in women?

KANJI:

Kanji is a popular Indian fermented drink, which contains lots of gut friendly bacteria (probiotics) which aids in digestion and also reduces bloating, gas and promotes a healthy gut. It has a tangy, spice and tart flavor. In India, it is used as a detox drink after festival binge eating, which helps in gastrointestinal issues. However, there are many ways of making kanji, the most popular is carrot kanji. It is made by fermenting carrots along with salt, mustard seeds and asafoetida (heeng).

Also check,What are some foods for healthy gut

2.Prebiotics
Onion:

It has prebiotic effects which strengthen gut flora, that help with fat breakdown and boost your immune system and improve digestion. Onion is also rich in antioxidants called flavonoids quercetin which help fight free radicals. Onion is also rich in vitamin C, B vitamins like folate (B9), pyridoxine (B6) and potassium, which aids in metabolism, red blood cell production and nerve function.

Also check, Home remedy to cure cough using onion?

Garlic:

Garlic is a prebiotic that is naturally high in inulin, a type of non- digestible carbohydrate that feeds the good bacteria in your gut and restrict disease causing bacteria from growing at the same time. Pickled garlic is best for gut health.

Also check,Easy to feed Omega-3 for kids brain development

Banana:

Apart from being rich in nutrients like potassium, magnesium, calcium and Vitamin B9, it also has prebiotic effects and a small amount of inulin. Banana is high in fiber and prebiotics, both of which support smooth digestion.

Also check, 7 super nutritious foods for weight gain

Sprouted grains:

The concentration of fiber increases in sprouted grains. Fiber is one of the most important components for maintaining gut health. Fiber nourishes the good bacteria in the gut and also promotes elimination and detoxification of the colon.

Also check, What is the need to sprout grains?

Apple:

Apple has outstanding health benefits as it is rich in fiber, Vitamin C, antioxidants and potassium. It has pectin, a type of soluble fiber, which has prebiotic effects and also promotes healthy gut microbiota. Pectin increases butyrate, a short chain fatty acid that feeds beneficial gut bacteria and also decreases the population of harmful bacteria.

Also check, Benefits of apple and banana for kids

3. Nuts and seeds

Nuts and seeds are entirely healthy to eat during pregnancy when consumed in moderation. During pregnancy, it is advised that you limit your intake of nuts and seeds to no more than 100 grams per day. For example, you could consume four to seven almond pieces, around four walnut halves, few seeds and roughly eight pistachios at once. However, if you consume them excessively, you could have health issues like gastrointestinal problems and also excessive weight gain.

Also check, Best nuts and seeds for protein


Products

It’s no SECRET that following an Ayurvedic lifestyle has numerous advantages. This unique collection of Ayurvedic spreads is an easy solution to improve the quality and quantity of breast milk in breast feeding moms and helps in postpartum recovery. To know more about mom ayurvedic foods –SHOP HERE.

2 tablespoons of Milk Jaggery Spread will help to boost milk supply, quality, supply & mothers’ and baby’s health.

foods for breast milk

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10 Tips to Develop Healthy Eating Food Habits in Kids

healthy eating food

Do you find your little ones always munching or snacking something like chips or cookies? Are they really fond of junk foods that make you worried about their health? Do you have a hard time making your children eat nutritious foods like fruits and veggies? Most frequently, unhealthy eating or binge-eating patterns begin in childhood. If not addressed early, these patterns can persist and occasionally result in difficulties down the road and end up resulting in eating disorders like anorexia, binge eating or obesity in the future. Keep reading to find out how to help kids break bad eating habits and develop healthy eating food habits in kids.

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Why do kids go for Junk food?

According to the National Diet and Nutrition Survey, 92% of kids consume more saturated fat than is recommended, 86% eat too much sugar, 72% eat too much salt, and 96% don’t consume enough fruits and vegetables. Nowadays, Kids are considerably more aware of the options available on the market that suit their tastes than they were a few years ago. While playing games on their parent’s phones or watching TV, kids notice advertisements for new foods being offered at their favourite fast-food places. The benefits of their three healthy meals will be compromised if they snack on unhealthy foods, thus this habit needs to be broken as soon as possible.

Also, Check: Eating disorders in children 

tips to DEVELOP healthy eating FOOD routine

Here are some tips you can take to get your kid back on the right track if they indulge in more unhealthy food than is necessary.

1. Healthy Snacks option:

Start with opting for a healthy snack instead of junk food. Give your little one a bowl full of fruits topped with some honey and dry fruits. You can also add some whipped cream and strawberries to make it tastier and more colourful.

Also check, Gut healthy Foods

2. Follow the schedule for snacks too:

When meals and even snacks have a regular, time and plan, a healthy routine is established. If your kids eat whenever they feel like it, they can overeat since they won’t be hungry when it’s time for a meal.

3. Positive Environment:

Having family meals together creates a positive environment and allows kids to pick up healthy eating habits by observing others in the family.

Also check, Healthy eating for children

4. Be a role model:

By observing the people and environment around them, children can learn a lot. Therefore, if they observe you eating unhealthy meals, this will set a bad example. Maintain a healthy eating food diet as much as you can and set a better example for your children. Teach them of the advantages of a healthy diet. 

Also check, Brain development foods for children

5. Restrict screen time:

Children who watch television often consume more than they actually need, which raises the possibility that they may grow up to be obese and make poor eating choices.

Also check, Screen time and eye health concern

6. Stop using junk as a bribe:

Stop using junk food as a bribe, if you want your kid to do some chores. This will inculcate a mindset where the kid will think that he needs to act good to get what he wanted and will have a very unhealthy relationship with the food. Kids shouldn’t associate good behaviour with eating calorie-dense, unhealthy meals.

7. Keep your kids hydrated:

Your toddler may occasionally be motivated to get a snack solely out of boredom rather than actual hunger. Many times, giving them a glass of water during snack time will be sufficient to satisfy their appetite.

8. Go on shopping together:

Taking your children shopping and teaching them how to read labels and choose nutritious and healthy eating food helps to introduce healthy eating food habits in them at a young age. They will be able to discriminate between what is healthy and what is bad for their health, and these children will grow up to be mindful eaters.

Also check, Foods for healthy body and hair

9. Become creative:

Limiting or cutting down on junk can initially upset the kids. Therefore, to make up for it, be creative in how you give wholesome snacks and meals. Give them fruits and veggies cut in different shapes or make a cartoon out of it. Decorate it with some honey, dry fruits, cream or cheese to make it look more appetizing.

10. Start practising a healthy lifestyle

Just as much as they require a balanced diet, growing children also require the recommended amounts of sleep. Poor sleep directly influences food choices because it disrupts the rhythm of the hormones ghrelin and leptin, which can decrease appetite. Similarly, sitting idle can cause them to develop food cravings. Therefore, instead of allowing your children to play video games, set out some time in your schedule to take them outside to play.

Also check, Food recipes for 1 year old

Healthy fOODS that Provide daily nutrition for KIDS

1.Bitter gourd:

Bitter gourd is a rich source of vitamins and minerals. It contains iron, magnesium, potassium and vitamins like A and C. It contains twice the calcium of spinach and beta-carotene of broccoli. Various antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds are present in bitter gourd.

2.Sprouted black chana:

Sprouts are low in calories and rich in fiber, enzymes, protein and other micronutrients. Black Chana contains a wide range of phytochemicals including carbohydrates, amino acids, proteins, flavonoids, iron, phosphate, chloride etc

3.Beetroot:

Beetroots are rich in B vitamins, iron, manganese, copper, magnesium, potassium and also contain betalains (a class of antioxidants), that helps in reducing free radicals and inflammation in the body. It helps in proper digestion, boosts immunity and improves blood circulation.

4.Giloy:

It is a shrub and an essential herb in ayurvedic medicines. Giloy is used to treat a wide range of health conditions. It contains important plant compounds like terpenoids, alkaloids, lignans, and steroids. Research shows that these compounds have antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antidiabetic properties which not only helps in boosting immunity, but Giloy stem can also help improve digestion, reduce constipation, acidity, gas and bloating. It works well for people with a weak digestive system.

5.Shallaki:

Shallaki is rich in carbohydrates and calcium, thus helping in bone growth and improves appetite. It also has strong anti-inflammatory properties which help to fight against inflammatory disorders of the digestive tract. Shallaki has cooling, healing, rejuvenating properties and blood purifying properties.

6.Sendha namak:

Sendha namak is higher in minerals than table salt. Also known as rock salt, it is unrefined salt. The magnesium and potassium present in rock salt help balance the sodium levels to maintain the body’s natural mineral proportion. Rock salt also contains iodine naturally

7.Sprouted moth bean:

It has highly nutritional content.  Rich source of protein, carbohydrates, calcium, Iron, potassium, Magnesium and B vitamins; it should be a part of your daily diet plan. Soaked and sprouted increases its nutritional value and makes it more digestible.

8.Black pepper:

Black pepper is an outstanding source of vitamin K and manganese. Studies show that it is also rich in calcium, Iron, zinc, Copper, Chromium and dietary fiber. Apart from this it contains many health promoting components such as flavonoids, terpenes, tannins and alkaloids.

9.Rice protein:

Rice protein is protein that has been taken from rice. Provides the body with nutrients called amino acids. It helps in muscle strength and muscle soreness and is good for skin and hairs too.

10.Tapioca starch:

Tapioca is a delicious starch extract derived from the cassava plant. High in dietary fiber tapioca helps in digestion and constipation. Fiber bulks up the stool, which may help move it through the digestive tract, thereby eliminating constipation, bloating, and intestinal pain. It is also rich in protein, calcium iron and vitamin K, all of these supports the overall growth of kids.

11.FOS:

Fructooligosaccharides (FOS) are composed of short fructose chains. They are a type of carbohydrate called oligosaccharides. FOS occurs naturally in many plants. They are prebiotic fibers that support the growth of healthy bacteria in the digestive tract. FOS is a good source of soluble dietary fiber and has been shown to reduce, or eliminate constipation.


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12 Effective Tips for home schooling a child with autism

Home schooling

Do you have a child who often skips school or refuses to attend classes? Does your child struggle to focus in their usual classes? Does your child face difficulties in learning, reading or writing?Many parents notice their kids with autism rarely do well in school as they find it difficult to learn fast, communicate with others, focus for a long period of time and have behavioural problems. In such cases, some parents are considering home schooling as an option for their children. If you are one of the parents and are unsure of where to start. We are here to help. Keep reading to find some tips and tricks for home schooling your child.

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Why do parents choose home schooling?

Children’s abilities and the level of their autism may differ from one another. While some autistic kids can attend regular schools and only want a bit of extra supervision, others might need special education and a setting that suits their particular requirements. Traditional educational settings can be challenging for many kids with autism. Therefore, in order to reduce their stress and anxiety, parents prefer home schooling. Home schooling option gives parents the ability to keep eyes on their children’s educational development and gives them a way to make the learning more enjoyable and successful.

Also check, Tips to improve concentration in kids

Things to keep in mind

However every child is different and learn in their own way, there are three main elements that have been proven to be efficient in educating children with autism:

1.The majority of autistic kids are visual learners. This indicates that they like receiving their educational material in a visual format.

2.Kids usually respond well when given clear, precise, and basic guidance for carrying out a particular activity.

3. Phonics-based reading is the unique way of educating children to read and spell words.

Also check, Tips to improve memory in kids

Tips for home schooling a child with autism

Here are some effective tips for home schooling your kids to make it more enjoyable and successful:

1.Prepare a curriculum

It’s essential to have all the things ready before you start a home schooling program. If you spend more time on fetching the study materials, it can be upsetting for your child and could cause them to quit and lose interest to learn with you. Alternatively, collect all of the study materials either the night before or right before you start your home schooling activities. Some autistic kids are unable to learn efficiently as other kids. It is preferable to consult a special educator while creating a curriculum for such kids, which may include components from several school boards.

Also check, Tips to improve academic performance

2.Choose comfortable study time and space

Every child has a unique pattern. Therefore, you should monitor your child’s stamina and attention patterns to determine which is the ideal time to plan your home schooling sessions. Establish a clutter-free and well-organised quiet place as a study space for the child so that they can concentrate on their studies without any distraction. Keep the study space lively and inviting.

Also check, Learning disabilities in kids

3.Follow a schedule

It is important to follow a timetable that is accessible for your children to make home schooling effective. Give them short breaks to relax and rest. Establish a “safe zone” for your child to utilise during these breaks and fill that zone with comforting things like books and music.

Also check, Tips for personality development

4. Introduce variety of concepts

Children with autism often do repeated things and focus more on those that grab their interest. You can assist your child in overcoming this habit by providing them with a range of educational opportunities. Incorporate activities that involve key topics, such as maths, science, and languages.

Also check, Focus and attention building games

5. Visual learning tools

Make good use of visual learning tools as they tend to improve your child’s curiosity to learn. You can make these tools yourself at home which includes fruit and vegetable carvings, abacus with colourful beads, handcrafted toys to explain scientific principles, etc.

Also check, Dyslexia in kids

6. Include music

Children with autism are highly responsive to music. So make an effort to incorporate music into their home schooling lessons. Singing rhymes and other informative songs that teach various ideas can be a part of this.

Also check, Tips for personal hygiene and health

7. Language skills

Language abilities are typically not good in autistic children. Reading and storytelling promotes brain development, logical thinking and imagination, develops language and emotions, and strengthens relationships in children. When children listen to a story, their imagination is on steroids! They’re picturing characters, they’re living the plot and they’re visualising the setting; they’re sowing the first seeds of creativity. Encourage them to talk to you about the plot and characters, ask them the moral of the story and how they think a character could behave, let them ask questions whenever they feel like they’re simply learning how to express themselves.

Also check, Oral motor exercises for kids

8. Learn with nature

Another tip to improve concentration in kids is spending time in nature. Research suggests that natural environments could benefit brain development and may also improve concentration and logical reasoning in children. Show them different types of flowers, pets, and other kids around. Let them walk in the grass. This will help children to explore and learn more.

Also check, Games and activities for improving logical reasoning skills in kids

9.Combined learnings

Take your kid to various locations, such as the supermarket, park, and other local spots. Allow your child to interact with people or other children which can help to develop their social skills. You can involve them in simple tasks like paying supermarket bills from which they can learn fundamental mathematical concepts.

Also check, Social emotional development of kids

10. Make time for activities

Children may develop their imaginations, listening skills, and other crucial cognitive abilities through games and activities that will help them in the future. Studies demonstrate that engaging them in intense activities for more than 20 minutes can reduce typical behaviour, hyperactivity, and aggressiveness. Introducing engaging and fun activities for kids with autism makes them easier to understand things and perceive the world differently. This helps them to develop their motor skills and enhance their brain’s ability to recognize and comprehend things through their sensory skills.

Also check, Sensory activities for kids

11. Physical activity

Physical activity is essential, and it should be incorporated regularly into your home schooling schedule. Involve your kid in cycling, swinging, running around bushes, jumping over a rope etc. This helps them to keep their mind and body fully energetic and contributes in developing their motor and sensory skills.

Also check, Fun and engaging activities for autistic kids

12. Reward system

If you wish your child to continue to be interested, motivated, and delighted to join you for play and learning activities, create a reward system. Reward is necessary and effective for maintaining the home schooling activities.

Also check, Speech therapy fun exercises

Benefits and Drawbacks of Home schooling

Benefits of Home schooling
  • Gives parents complete control over how their children are educated, and socialised.
  • Offers a syllabus that is specially designed depending on the needs, skills, and interests of the child.
  • Increases the amount of family interactions with their kids as they grow and learn.
  • It enables the kids to take regular breaks and helps to stay away from sensory stimuli and social challenges.
  • Offers a safe and supportive environment which can help to avoid social pressures.
Drawbacks of Home schooling
  • Regular coaching and assistance is required
  • Parents should put aside funds for their children’s education, extracurricular activities, field trips, and any other materials they may require.
  • Home schooling parents have less time for themselves as they are more involved in teaching their children.

Also check, Activities for brain development


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Seasonal Allergies in Kids: Home remedies and Foods that help

seasonal allergies

Does your child constantly sneeze for a long time? Did your child get an ear or eye infection when the weather changed? Why do children get sick because of seasonal changes? What are seasonal allergies? How can it be prevented? Many parents are looking for solutions to these problems. Keep reading for more information on seasonal allergies in children, including their causes, management strategies, remedies and foods that help.

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A MOM’S OPINION ABOUT HOW IMMUNITY BOOSTER HELPED TO FIGHT AGAINST ALLEGIES

What are seasonal allergies?

An allergic response to something that is only prevalent at particular periods of the year are known as seasonal allergies. It is mostly caused by the release of pollen in the air. Some kids and adults with pollen allergy will have hyperactive immune system thereby experiencing symptoms like runny nose, itchy eyes, sneezing etc.

Also check, Food allergies in kids

Causes of seasonal allergies

The seasonal allergies are caused due to various reasons. It heavily relies on the environment and the several factors that control it. In some regions, allergies may be more noticeable during particular seasons. Here are some common causes of seasonal allergies:

1.Tree pollen allergy

The majority of seasonal allergies are triggered by trees during the spring season. Trees like pine, willow, oak, walnut, juniper, mulberry etc will produce pollen for the first few months of each year. The allergies become intense during chill climates.

2.Grass pollen allergy

Allergies to grass pollen are more common during the first few days of summer. During this season, pollination occurs mostly in different grass varieties like rye, bermuda, orchard, timothy etc.

3.Weed allergy

Weed allergy is more prevalent in monsoon season. Some of the weedy plants include, ragweed, pigweed, mugwort and amaranthus produce pollen. They will spread quickly in this environment and cause allergies to kids.

Also check, Home remedies for dry cough

4.Mold allergy

Molds can be found everywhere like logs, windows, pipes and in damp areas like bathrooms and kitchens during monsoon season. These molds are airborne and cause allergies in most people.

5.Dust allergy

The dust is typically present everywhere. The majority of people think they are allergic to dust. Some people may get a dust allergy if they inhale cockroach droppings. These may combine with household dust and worsen the condition of allergy.

Also check, Home remedies for dust allergy

6.Pet allergy

Both kids and adults love to have a pet. But there are many factors in pets that could cause allergies. The pollen might get stuck to their hair or paws and it may spread to us causing unpleasant reactions.

Also check, Probiotics for allergy

Symptoms of seasonal allergies

These allergies will cause minor irritation in both kids and adults. Here are some of the signs and symptoms of seasonal allergies:

  • Constant sneezing
  • Congested or runny nose
  • Itchy, swollen or red eyes
  • Itchiness in ears or throat or roof of the mouth
  • Ear pain
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Tightness of chest
  • Headache

Also check, Immunity boosting foods in winter for kids

Tips to manage symptoms of seasonal allergies

Prevention is better than cure. Following some safety measures can help to prevent these allergies in kids.

  • Avoid going near trees or grasses in the mornings because pollen exposure is more at this time.
  • Use different footwear for outdoor activities and keep it outside.
  • Don’t hesitate to wear mask while going outside
  • Trim the grasses frequently during these seasons
  • Close the windows
  • Clean the carpets, bedsheets and sofas 
  • Bath in warm water to remove allergens
  • Clean your pets regularly

Also check, Foods to improve immunity in kids

Home remedies for seasonal allergies

1.SALINE NASAL SOLUTION:

Nasal solution has been found to reduce the effects in both children and adults as it helps to clean mucus from the nose.

2. HEPA FILTERS:

Hepa filters trap the airborne particles such as dust, pollen & pet dander and efficiently reduce the allergens inside the home.

3. ACUPUNCTURE:

Acupuncture has shown positive results in both seasonal and perennial allergic rhinitis.

4. HONEY:

Honey is one of the best naturally available home remedies for different types of allergy. It contains amino acids, vitamins and antioxidants which helps in healing. According to a theory, eating locally manufactured honey might reduce your allergic reaction over time to the pollen that the bees collect in your area to make their honey. But in some cases, when the honey is produced, it might get contaminated with bee pollen and pollen from other plants like buckwheat, tulips and sunflowers. In case you are allergic to pollen, you might also become allergic to honey.

Also, check Health Benefits of Honey

5. AIR CONDITIONERS AND HUMIDIFIERS:

Air conditioners and humidifiers can lower the growth of mildew and mold that cause allergies.

6. PEPPERMINT OIL:

Peppermint oil has anti-inflammatory properties that can lower the symptoms of bronchial asthma and allergic rhinitis.

7. EUCALYPTUS OIL:

Eucalyptus oil has antimicrobial properties that acts as a wonderful home remedy for allergies.

8. STEAM INHALATION:

Inhaling steam can help to ease a stuffy nose and breathe comfortably.

Also check, Natural remedies for allergy

Foods that help to manage seasonal allergies

Boosting immunity is the key solution for reducing the seasonal allergy in kids.  Some of the immunity boosting foods are:

1.GILOY:

It is a shrub and an essential herb in ayurvedic medicines. Giloy is used to treat a wide range of health conditions. It contains important plant compounds like terpenoids, alkaloids, lignans, and steroids.Giloy lessens the signs and symptoms of allergic rhinitis, which is another name for hay fever. It lessens symptoms such as nasal blockage, sneezing, nasal discharge, and itching. Additionally, it raises the quantity of leukocytes (white blood cells) to help the body fight illness.

2.TULSI:

Tulsi leaves have been scientifically proven to have medicinal properties. It also has antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal effects, rich in vitamin c and zinc.It a traditional home medicine for a variety of respiratory ailments, including seasonal allergies.

3.AMLA:

Amla is a storehouse of antioxidants. It is one of the richest sources of vitamin C, which is known to boost immunity. It has antibacterial and astringent properties that boosts immunity.

4.ASHWAGANDHA:

As an anti-oxidant, boosting immunity is one of the most popular benefits of Ashwagandha for kids. The root activates and increases the levels of enzymes and macrophages, a type of white blood cell that kills bad viruses and bacterias. It also promotes the development of antibodies, which is a major factor in improving the body’s response to a health-threatening infection.

Also check, More benefits of Ashwagandha

5.TURMERIC:

A compound found in turmeric, Curcumin, offers therapeutic relief and is a perfect immunity booster for kids. It has a very high antioxidant value to protect the body from invading infections. It is also rich in vitamin A, Thiamine (B1), Riboflavin (B2) and vitamin C.

Also check, Turmeric and Honey ball recipe

6.NUTS:

The vitamin E found in nuts like almonds, cashews, peanuts and hazelnut help the immune system to fight against invading bacteria. They are a great source of antioxidants that keep the body healthy and disease free by neutralising free radicals and reducing inflammation.

Also check, Best nuts and seeds for protein

7.SEEDS:

Seeds are an incredible source of nutrients. Sunflower seeds are rich in magnesium, vitamin E, antioxidants and good fats. Together they help to boost immunity. Pumpkin seeds are rich in Vitamin E which is necessary for immunity building and also packed with other bone-building nutrients like potassium, magnesium and vitamin K. Melon seeds are a good source of zinc. It helps to boost our immunity, helps in digestion, cell growth, and keeps your nervous system healthy.

Also check, Health benefits of Pumpkin seeds

8.ANTIOXIDANTS:

Cocoa contains flavonoid, a naturally occurring compound found in plants which act as antioxidant and help in counteracting free radicals in the body. Also rich in zinc, iron, copper, and vitamins like A, B12 and K. Vitamin E is a potent antioxidant and has an ability to modulate host immune functions. Vitamin E is key for strong immunity and healthy skin and eyes. In recent years, vitamin E supplements have become popular as antioxidants.

Also check, 12 Immunity boosting foods for kids


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Speech therapy fun exercises for improving speech

Speech

Is your child face difficulty at placing words within a sentence? Is he/she not able to pronounce words with clarity and ease? If yes, then it is must to make the kiddo cope up with it through speech exercises. The inability to communicate also makes it difficult for the child to convey his thoughts or emotions. Thus speech disorders fall out as one of the most common disabilities among kids affecting over 10% of the children. In the long run, this can put limitations upon the kids abilities and also restrict them from being a part of several activities. Do you really want to see your child speech deprived? No, right! None of the parents would think of it.

So, Let’s first look at why speech is important.

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Importance of speech

Speech helps us in expressing ourselves. It effectively aids in building strong connections, reaching out to people and also influences our choices in life!

Inability to communicate properly can also create misunderstandings, social disapproval, unclarity, etc. Thus it becomes a must to gain firm grip upon one’s speech.

What can be some causes of speech disorders?

There can be different types of causes behind speech disorders.

Some of them include:

  • Autism
  • Attention deficit or hyperactivity disorder 
  • Developmental or neurological disorder
  • Brain injury 
  • Nervous system disorder  
  • Hearing issues

If symptoms are left ignored, they could get worse and harm a child’s speech development. Communication difficulties can be effectively treated in order to reduce symptoms and significantly enhance behavioural and educational patterns. Speech exercises can tremendously help in bringing flexibility in tongue and clarity in communication!

Exercises for Speech Improvement

A child’s speech and language development can be aided by techniques and equipment used in structured speech therapy exercises. They are essential for enhancing a child’s speech, language, and communication abilities and, when given as a part of an entertaining activity, are enjoyable for young children while still being a very effective component of therapy.

Come on! Let’s get acquainted with some interesting exercises.

The following exercises can aid in your child’s oral motor muscle development. The exercises are made simpler if your youngster copies you while performing them. Be imaginative, energetic, and most importantly, have fun!

1. Tongue exercises 

The main objective of tongue exercise is to strengthen the tongue muscle and increase oral coordination and stimulation.

Tongue Push-ups (Procedure)Tongue Pops  (Procedure)Back and Forth (Procedure)
Ask the child to hold the grape or berry on the upper ridge of their palate (not to touch the teeth) and roll the tongue upwards. Repeat it 3-4 times for few seconds. At last, berry is the reward!Suck tongue up on the top of the mouth. Pull it back and release it making a pop sound. Repeat it 3-4 times for few secondsSlide out your tongue and hold it for few seconds. Now the tongue inside the mouth. Make sure the tongue does not touch the teeth. Repeat it 3-4 times
2. Hop and talk

Although you already know that repetition is an effective strategy in speech and language therapy, it is not enjoyable to encourage children to repeat the same sound or word repeatedly. But it is possible with a little inventiveness on your part.

For eg: Make a trail with foamy pads on the way. Ask your little kiddo to jump from one pad to the next and repeat some sounds and words along with you. They won’t see this repetition exercise as anything other than pleasure because they’ll be too busy hopping!

3. One stanza of music each day

Music can indeed be a strong source to improve language skills. Every line full of meaning can help the child to develop verbally! So also it puts healthy force upon the vocal cords and helps out with speech.

For eg: Ask your child to learn one stanza of his favourite song supposedly “Saare jahan se accha Hindustan hamara”. Let him recite it once he is done learning the lyrics. The lyrics of music indeed can help the child in getting a firm grip on pronunciation, utterance and the  knowledge of words.

4. Picture decoding

This is one of the best ways to lighten up imagination centers in kids’ brains! Pictures indeed speak a lot and visual interpretation helps in understanding the things much better.

For eg: Place a cartoon scene of “Tom and jerry” in front of the child. Ask the child to speak a few sentences on each character that is the part of the scene. And then ask the child to narrate the scene or what is he actually able to understand from the picture displayed.

5. Bubbling

It’s exciting and entertaining to practise breath control with your kids by blowing bubbles. Because blowing forces kids to purse their lips, it’s also a great oral motor practice. Blowing exercises such as blowing bubbles position and strengthen the tongue for sounds produced in the back of the mouth. It also strengthens the abdominal muscles and helps in sustained speech thereby increasing the sentence length.

6. One new word each day

Learning one new word each day is a wonderful way of gradually expanding the vocabulary.

For eg: Give one word to the kid like “Sugar”. Ask the kid to use that word and make a sentence out of it followed by its pronunciation. 

The sentence can be like this : I want some more sugar in milk.

In this way a kid will understand the basics behind sentence structure building and so also it will foster speech improvement.

7. Target reach

A fantastic technique to get your younger children talking is through toy cars. Make a road through the space using yarn or tape, and place many “stops” along the path that contain the desired word, sound, or statement. Encourage the kid to sound out the target word or sentence at each stop before continuing on to the finish line.

This will pour in a sense of awareness within the child and also enhance the speech due to pronunciation. 

8. Play with consonant sounds

Consonant sounds make speech crisp, clear, and understandable, which makes it simpler for listeners to understand what is being said. Compared to vowels, consonants are simpler to learn. Each consonant sound can typically only be spoken in one way. You can also start clubbing vowels with the consonants to develop understanding for sounds.

For eg: R consonant clubbed with a,e,i,o,u will become “ra,re,ri,ro,ru”

Thus some of these exercises can effectively help in improving speech disorders.

Foods that can be helpful

Some of the foods that can help with the speech disorders include:

1. Nuts

All the nuts like almonds, walnuts, cashew, peanuts and hazelnuts are rich in vitamin E and help in boosting memory. They are also antioxidants which protect against cell damage. Walnuts are rich in omega 3 fatty acids and are a valuable substance for brain function, memory and thinking abilities. This fatty acid also encourages cognitive functions and helps out with speech. (best nuts for protein)

2. Seeds

Apart from nuts, seeds like flax, chia, melon, sesame and pumpkins also contain powerful antioxidants like vitamin E that protect the brain from free radical damage. Sunflower seeds impact overall mood and mental processing powers and therefore it is considered a brain boosting snack. Pumpkin seeds are high in magnesium, copper, and much higher in zinc than other seeds, which help in increasing concentration, memory and attention span. One of the easiest to feed brain boosting foods for kids

3. Cocoa Powder

Pure cocoa powder (unsweetened) contains brain boosting components as it is packed with a large number of antioxidants molecules, the main is epicatechin helpful to improve cognition and speech impairment in studies. Hence cocoa powder is also an important brain development food for children. (More benefits of cocoa powder)

4. Brahmi

Brahmi is a superfood for the brain and is believed to sharpen the brain by protecting cells and increasing chemicals associated with learning and memory. It has shown to improve spatial learning and retaining power in kids. That is why in older times, kids were often given Brahmi powder with ghee/honey. This would increase their focus and attention while keeping them calm and distressed.

5. Shankhapushpi

Shankhapushpi is a traditional remedy for increasing the functioning of the brain. The powerful antioxidants and flavonoids present in it improve the memory capacity, focus, concentration, calmness, alertness of an individual. Since it is a brain tonic and stimulator, people taking shankhapushpi have improved memory, reasoning, problem-solving, and other cognitive abilities.


6. Ashwagandha

Ashwagandha is an adaptogen. It is known to reduce anxiety and stress. Moreover, it increases acetylcholine levels which support better memory, mental focus and intelligence. Ashwagandha also improves communication between nerve cells and stimulates the body’s capacity to heal any nervous system damage. It also helps in speech improvement.


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How does age affect libido in men?

Libido in men

Have you observed a gradual decline in your intimate desires ? Do you realise that sexual desires changes as you get older ? Why do these changes happen to you over time? What causes men’s libido to vary over time?  Various factors can cause loss of libido in men. Among them, ageing could be the main cause. Let’s understand deeper about how age affects libido in men.

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What is libido?

Libido is the desire or interest towards intimacy. Men’s libidos differ from one another and are impacted by a number of factors. The sex drive will undoubtedly fluctuate over the stages of life and “age” could be a major concern for men. The desires or intimate thoughts may diminish as they age. According to a study, men between the ages of 35 and 44 experienced a significant drop in their sexual desire.

However, it is unclear to interpret the drop in men’s desires, further studies are required to explain this age-related changes. Some scientists believe that variations in sex drive may be caused by hormonal imbalance brought on by ageing.

Also check, Loss of libido in men

How does age affect libido in men?

Sex drive peaks and declines with age in distinct ways for male and female. Some of the factors like decline in testosterone and growing family commitments can trigger this change in men which typically occurs between their 20s and 40s. Here are the age-related changes in men:

Men in 20s:

In the early adulthood period of men, dramatic adolescent changes like increase in muscle mass and height, change in tone, facial hair growth and development of sexual organs can be commonly observed. These changes are due to the higher secretion of a hormone called testosterone. When men transform into an adult from being a teenager, testosterone plays an important role in their libido. Men between the age of 20s and 30s experience heightened sexual arousal, a higher desire, or high pleasure of intimacy. However, this phase also causes sexual anxiety in men due to lack of experience. This anxiety might lead to erectile dysfunction in young men.

Also check, Tips to increase the sperm count

Men in 30s:

During their 30s, the libido of the men can be higher but it may gradually decline in their early 40s. Consequently, the level of testosterone hormone starts to decline in men after the age of 35, by an average of 1% annually. Rapid drop in hormone levels can be experienced by some men. Their lower testosterone levels generally correlate with lower libido. Despite the fact that pregnancy and postpartum period physically changes a woman’s body and her hormones, men can experience an emotional and psychological change as well. Particularly new dads may be trying to adapt to the parenthood lifestyle. Also, men are devoted to their work, families, and children at this time, which may have a negative impact on their libido.

Also check, Causes of male infertility

Men in 40s:

Many health problems like cardiac diseases, cholesterol, hypertension, diabetes etc are prevalent in men at this age group. Men have a higher risk of developing erectile dysfunction at this age because they frequently use medications to treat various health issues which could directly impair their libido.

Also check, How to overcome sexual anxiety?

Men in 50s:

As men approach their 50s, the stress and responsibility of bringing up a family and a job can be gradually alleviated. Many men often experience a boost in their libido. However, around this age, men are also more likely to experience erectile dysfunction due to the negative effects of medications as well as drop in testosterone level. These factors can impact their libido.

Also check, Infertility in males

Tips to boost mood in men 

  • Aerobic exercise and weight training can help you gain more endurance, a better perception of your physique, enhance your mood, and raise your desire.
  • Open and honest communication between partners about your preferences usually results in stronger emotional bonds that can improve sexual performance. 
  • Increase your desire for intimacy by finding a more effective approach to dealing with daily problems, financial stress, and work-related stress.
  • Giving up unhealthy habits like smoking, using illegal drugs and drinking could boost your sex desire and enhance your overall health.

Also check, Herbs that boost fertility

Aprodisiac foods to boost mood in men

There is a connection between food and the desire for intimacy. Aphrodisiac foods for males encourage men’s desire for closeness. Aphrodisiac foods for males include:

1. SAFED MUSLI:

Safed Musli, due to its aphrodisiac qualities, aids in treating erectile dysfunction. It heightens sexual desire and assists in maintaining the erection throughout sexual activity. Because it contains spermatogenic properties, it also aids in boosting male potency. So, this raises both the quantity and quality of sperm.

Also check, Foods for improving fertility in men

2. SHILAJIT:

Shilajit is an age-old Ayurvedic remedy that promotes sexual wellness. The Himalayan rocks contain this gooey material. It greatly boosts sperm count and enhances sperm production. Additionally, it boosts sperm motility by more than 50%. So, shilajit can improve libido and sexual performance in healthy men by increasing testosterone levels by about 20%.

Also check, Shatavari for fertility

3. VIDARIKAND:

Vidarikand is said to be helpful in enhancing sexual performance because of its aphrodisiac properties. It raises the hormone testosterone levels in men, which aids in better sperm generation. Vidarikand helps to promote sexual health and lessen the signs of physical weakness.

Also check, Vitamin D for fertility

4. GINKGO BILOBA:

Ginkgo biloba is a tree with tiny, fan-shaped leaflets. It has the capacity to improve blood flow throughout the body. As a result, it increases blood flow to the genitalia and relaxes  the tissue found inside the penis and blood vessels which in turn improves libido.

5. GINSENG:

Ginseng boosts male fertility by regulating the neural and hormonal systems, improves sexual performance, encourages sperm production, and acts directly on sperms through steroid receptors. Additionally, ginseng maintains male fertility when a man is ill.

Also check, Vitamins and minerals to boost fertility

6. KAWACH (MUCUNA PRURIENS):

Mucuna pruriens or Kawach is a tropical legume originating from South Africa and Asia. Levodopa, a substance found in Kawach and linked to dopamine, is important for a fulfilling sex life. It elevates the quality of your erection, boosts libido, and improves your sexual response.

Also check, 7 Foods that help in female fertility

7. NUTS:

Nuts like pistachios, hazelnuts, walnuts,almonds, cashews and peanuts are excellent for increasing desire in males. They contain the amino acid L-arginine, which has been shown to increase blood flow to the sex organs and nitric oxide levels, so naturally enhancing the body’s desire for sex.

Also check, Best Foods to increase breast milk in lactating moms

8. SEEDS:

Seeds are wonderful libido boosters for males. Omega-3 essential fatty acids, which are abundant in pumpkin seeds, melon seeds and sunflower seeds serve as a precursor to prostaglandins, hormone-like compounds vital to sexual health. A mere quarter-cup serving could be enough to ignite the flames. Seeds are rich in zinc and it can help with sexuality.

Also check, Benefits of nuts and seeds for pregnant women


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Gut health and Immunity: How it is linked?

Gut health

Almost all of the nutrients that we get from foods are absorbed by our gut. Kid’s gut health is vital for their overall well being as it influences many aspects of health. The gut microbiome of a child is built before birth itself. This healthy microbiome not only improves the gut health but also helps to fight against various infections by improving the immunity. Do you know how gut health influences immunity? What is the role of gut microbes and its link with immunity? Let’s unravel the connection between gut health and immunity in this article. 

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Gut microbes and its role

There are trillions of microorganisms or bacteria living in the human body. Although the majority of them are beneficial, when unbalanced, they could be dangerous. Gut microbiota is a broad and diverse population of microbes which has a significant impact on human health. Humans’ ability to absorb nutrients depends on the condition of their gut bacteria. Beneficial bacteria residing in our gut are contributing to digestion and overall gut health. In fact, complex compounds in meats and vegetables can be broken down by the body with the assistance of gut microbes. Our body is unable to break down plant cellulose without the help of gut microorganisms. The metabolic processes of gut microorganisms may potentially affect food cravings and satiety.

Also check, PCOS and Gut health connection

linked between gut health and immune system

The capacity of the body to fight against pathogenic infections is referred to as immunity. According to certain studies, the body may encounter microbes before birth. This first encounter of microbes can give rise to acquired immunity which is responsible for immunological memory. After coming into contact with same germs, our immune system picks up the better way to fight with them. This enables a faster and more efficient reaction against pathogens. 70-80% of immune cells are located in the gut. Beneficial gut microbes produce bacteriocins which are antimicrobial compounds capable of eradicating pathogenic bacteria. Additionally, they nourish the lining of the stomach and regulate immunological responses. The growth of the microbiota can be affected by interruptions in these early encounters.

Also check, How gut health affects diabetes?

Tips to improve gut health and immunity

1.EAT FERMENTED FOODS (PROBIOTICS):

Probiotics are live bacteria (naturally occurring in food) that are good for you, your digestion and for your GUT HEALTH! Fermented foods are the most natural source of live bacteria that is Probiotics. There is no recommended daily intake for probiotics, so there is no way to know exactly what quantity is best. Therefore, add as many fermented foods to your daily diet as possible like yogurt, kefir. Other fermented foods such as sauerkraut or kimchi also contains probiotics. Probiotics the best food for healthy gut.

Also check, Role of probiotics for gut health.

2.FEED BACTERIA (PREBIOTICS):

Prebiotics is a source of food for your gut’s healthy bacteria or food maintaining gut health. It does not get fully digested in the body and reaches the large intestine. The good bacteria in the large intestine eat this food and flourishes. Good bacteria multiply and win over the bad bacteria.

Also check, Role of prebiotics

3.HYDRATION:

If you keep yourself hydrated, it has positive effects on the mucosal lining of the intestine, as well as on the balance of good bacteria in the gut. Water intake is as important for gut health as food intake. You can also offer your kids coconut water, buttermilk and other healthy summer drinks to keep them hydrated.

Also check, Right time to introduce water for the baby

4.LIMIT PROCESSED FOOD AND EAT FIBER RICH FOOD:

High consumption of ultra-processed food and low consumption of fiber and vegetables can affect gut health. Most of the processed food contains a lot of sugar, artificial colors, flavours and unhealthy fats which have diverse and less healthy gut flora. On the other hand fiber is fuel for colon cells and helps to keep the digestive tract flowing. Always encourage your child to make healthy food choices.

Also check, What does junk food do to kids’ organs?

5.OUTDOOR ACTIVITY AND EXERCISE:

Outdoor playing and exercise is essential for overall well being and gut health. Regular exercise and physical activities encourages the intestine to speed up a lethargic digestive system and help to get waste moving through the body. Always encourage your kids for daily outdoor activity to maintain a healthy gut.

Also check, Activities to improve logical reasoning

Foods to improve the gut health

A diverse diet, limiting the intake of processed and refined foods, and getting enough dietary fibre are all aspects of a healthy lifestyle which can support gut health and improve immunity. Here are some foods to improve the gut health and immunity:

1.PARTIALLY HYDROLYZED GUAR GUM:

Guar gum is a fiber made from guar bean or Indian cluster bean. It is used as a laxative that normalizes the moisture content of the stool, absorbing excess liquid in diarrhea, and softening the stool in constipation. Undoubtedly, it is one of the best gut-healthy foods. While partially hydrolyzed guar gum is derived from guar gum by the process of enzymatic hydrolysis. PHGG is a water soluble dietary fiber used to regulate gut function. According to the study conducted by NIH, intake of PHGG improves human stool form by regulating intestinal microbiota. It has also been useful in treating Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms in both adults and kids.

Benefits of Guar gum

  • Treating diarrhea/ constipation and IBS symptoms
  • Lowering cholesterol
  • Manages high blood pressure
  • Control diabetes
  • Weight loss
  • Enhance Mineral absorption
2. Fructooligosaccharides (FOS):

Fructooligosaccharides (FOS) are composed of short fructose chains. They are a type of carbohydrate called oligosaccharides. FOS occurs naturally in many plants. They are prebiotic fibers that support the growth of healthy bacteria in the digestive tract. FOS is also a good source of soluble, dietary fiber. It can reduce, or eliminate constipation.

Also check, Prebiotic foods

3. CITRIC ACID:

Citric acid is the weak organic acid present in the greatest amount in citrus fruits. We all have seen citric acid appear on the label of many products but don’t know exactly what citric acid is for our health. However the primary reason for including this in any packaged foods is for its tangy flavor. But citric acid has many health benefits also:

  • Citric acid helps to convert food into energy.
  • It enhances calcium, phosphorus and Magnesium absorption through the gut.
  • This also prevents calcium crystals or kidney stones from forming.
4. ORANGE EXTRACT:

Oranges are the food to boost immunity. They are not only nutritious and rich in Vitamin-C but also loved by kids. Just one orange can meet 100% vitamin C requirements for the kid’s daily nutrition.  The pith (white after between peel and fruit) of orange has 30% fiber of the fruit and this particular fiber (called pectin) is good for the kid’s gut which builds immunity and supports digestion.

Also check, Summer drinks for kids that are nutritious

5. STEVIA

Stevia is a kind of herb and one of the Alternatives of sugar made up of the leaves of a stevia plant. It’s extremely sweet and safe in its natural form. It has no carbohydrates, calories or any artificial ingredients and a very low glycemic index, so does not spike your blood sugar level. Stevia in powder or liquid form is easily available.

Also check, Healthy alternatives of sugar

6. PAPAYA:

The papaya fruit contains two enzymes, papain and chymopapain. They can help with digestion, reduce inflammation and also improve gut health. Zeaxanthin, an antioxidant found in papaya, filters out harmful blue light rays. Papaya is also high in fiber and water content, both of which help to prevent constipation and promote regularity and a healthy digestive tract. Also, it a good source of folate, vitamin A, magnesium, copper, B vitamins, alpha and beta-carotene, lutein and zeaxanthin, vitamin E, calcium, potassium, vitamin K, and lycopene, and pantothenic acid.

Also check, Health benefits of fruits

7. LEMON:

Lemons are rich in Vitamin C and have a potential to reduce gut inflammation and boost the immune system. Lemons are high in a fiber called pectin, which is a prebiotic that assists good gut health by feeding healthy gut bacteria.

Also check,  Immune boosting foods


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