How Gut Health Affects Diabetes?

It’s ALARMING!! Diabetes is anticipated to rise from 40.6 million in 2006 to 79.4 million by 2030 in India alone.  According to studies, the incidence of diabetes in urban Indian people is approximately 12.1%. Body weight, sedentary lifestyle, genetic impact, heredity, eating habits, stress, hormonal status, infections and antibiotics, and lifestyle changes related to urbanization are all risk factors for developing diabetes among Indians. These factors, however, appear to be extremely important for the formation of bacterial microflora in the gut.

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The importance of the gut microbiome has been stated since early life. The intestinal flora is the largest organ, consisting of thousands of bacterial species that have intricate relationships with various body functions. The collection of bacteria has positive effects on behaviourappetiteimmunity (avoiding frequent infection in kids), digestive health and metabolism. Dietary habits play an important role in shaping these healthy gut microflora. Through a beneficial balance of the microbiota, this simple dietary modification may slow the development of diabetes disease and its complications. Prebiotic foods have a huge impact on human health, including improvements in diabetes metabolic imbalance, preventive and therapeutic control.

How does diabetes develop?

Diabetes develops when the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin to regulate the body’s carbohydrate metabolism and fails to absorb glucose from the bloodstream. When a person develops diabetes, the cells do not respond adequately to the hormone insulin. This causes the body’s blood sugar level to rise.

How does the gut help to maintain blood sugar levels?

Well, this is not rocket science to understand. To put in simple terms, changes in our gut microorganisms have an impact on our body metabolism, resulting in metabolic disorders. These disorders such as obesity or diabetes decrease the ability to maintain required blood glucose levels in the body. Recent studies found that people with diabetes had a distinct bacterial signature from those who did not. Similarly, scientific studies indicate gut alterations as a new strategy to controlling blood sugar levels.

Even after being diagnosed with diabetes, many people’s carbohydrate intake exceeds the limits, making it difficult for the body to consume enough dietary fibre. This fibre is essential for maintaining a healthy gut because it not only aids in healthy bowel functions but also regulates blood sugar levels, which helps to control diabetes. Several recent studies found that prebiotic fibre promotes the growth of healthy gut bacteria, which produce chemical signals that regulate appetite and blood sugar levels.


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Guar gum is a fiber made from guar bean or Indian cluster bean. Studies shows that guar gum can help diabetics improve their glycemic control and lower their serum LDL cholesterol levels. This gum powder aids in the slowing of carbohydrate absorption, making it an appealing option for diabetes management. While partially hydrolyzed guar gum is derived from guar gum by the process of enzymatic hydrolysis. PHGG is a water soluble dietary fiber and is used to regulate gut function. 

2. Fructooligosaccharides (FOS):

It are composed of short fructose chains. They are a type of carbohydrate called oligosaccharides. FOS occurs naturally in many plants. Several recent studies found that prebiotic fibre promotes the growth of healthy gut bacteria, which produce chemical signals that regulate appetite and blood sugar levels.


This acid is the weak organic acid found in the greatest amount in citrus fruits. The primary reason for including this in any packaged foods is for its tangy flavor. Apart from that, citric acid has been linked to a variety of health benefits, including diabetes. Overall, the findings imply that citrate may contribute to the health benefits of fresh fruits in diabetic patients’ diets, and that supplementing with citrate may be beneficial in the management of diabetes and its complications.

4. ORANGE and lemon EXTRACT:

These two extracts can assist you in efficiently controlling your blood sugar levels. If you have diabetes, you can have orange or lemon extract in your diet in moderation. Moreover, it also contain vitamin C , which is benefits in minimizing glucose strikes after meal and decreases the blood glucose levels.


Stevia is one of the Alternatives of sugar made up of the leaves of a stevia plant, a kind of herb. It’s extremely sweet and safe in its natural form. It has no carbohydrates, calories or any artificial ingredients and a very low glycemic index, so does not spike your blood sugar level.

6. Papaya:

The nutritional value of papaya demonstrates that, despite its sweet taste, it is high in fibre and very low in sugar, making it a good snacking alternative for diabetics. The GI of papaya is medium. Papaya, when consumed in moderation, may help to reduce blood sugar levels. Papaya may have a hypoglycemic effect on the body, according to certain findings. Flavonoids are antioxidants present naturally in the fruit that may help regulate blood sugar levels.


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Some parents have been kind enough to share their journey with us. Let’s hear them to closely understand the benefits of Ayurvedic spreads by Iyurved.


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