Tips to Manage Pregnancy related Gastrointestinal issues


Pregnancy is the most unexceptional moment in a woman’s life with a rollercoaster of emotions. As a baby grows, the body of a pregnant woman will change constantly thereby causing various gastrointestinal issues. Also, you may have a strong desire for all of the world’s delectable meals and go insane over them, but limiting your taste buds for a few months and being extra careful with your diet can be good for you and your child. Keep reading to find more details about common gastrointestinal issues during pregnancy and also some tips to manage it.

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How does your digestion change during pregnancy?

Pregnancy can give tremendous pressure to the digestive system of a woman. As the baby develops, it may press the oesophagus, stomach as well as intestine. This can result in digestive issues. Also, the elevation of pregnancy hormones including oestrogen and progesterone can impact digestion and cause gastrointestinal issues like nausea or vomiting, frequent burping, acid reflux, bloating, constipation. Every trimester brings about a variety of physical changes, many of which might affect the gastrointestinal system.

Also check, Foods to be avoided for pregnant ladies

Gastrointestinal issues1st Trimester2nd Trimester3rd Trimester
Morning sickness
Acid reflux
Food cravings
Food sensitivities
Upper GI pain
Gall stones 

Although these are general symptoms, each person may experience them differently depending on their hormones and diet.

Also check, Foods to increase breast milk supply

Tips for managing the symptoms of pregnancy related gastrointestinal issues

Here are some common pregnancy related gastrointestinal issues and also some of the tips to manage the symptoms:

1.Morning sickness

Around 8 out of 10 pregnant women are dealing with morning sickness. It can cause nausea or vomiting as well as upset stomach.  Although the exact cause is unclear, experts believe that hormonal shifts are to blame.

Tips to manage morning sickness

  • Drink plenty of water. Sip water on a regular basis to avoid being dehydrated.
  • Try ginger, sour candies and mint 
  • Consume little low-fat and high-carb meals frequently
  • Eliminate nausea triggering foods and odours
  • Sleep more (Tiredness can increase the vomiting sensation)

Also check, Foods to treat migraines

2. Diarrhea

Early pregnancy diarrhea and watery stool are frequently brought on by food changes and also hormonal shifts. Pregnancy raises the oxytocin hormone levels, which causes the digestive tract to contract more and function quickly.

Tips to manage diarrhea

  • Drink plenty of water. Sip water on a regular basis to avoid being dehydrated.
  • Add probiotics and prebiotics in your diet to improve the gut health and digestion
  • Try banana, buttermilk, boiled potato and rice water.
  • Avoid fried or spicy foods and limit dairy foods.

Also check, Home remedies for diarrhea

3. Constipation

Constipation is a very common problem during pregnancy. This can be caused due to the pressure in the intestine. As the baby develops, the progesterone hormone levels will significantly increase which leads to delay in the movement of intestines and constipation.

Tips to manage constipation

  • Increase the fluid intake 
  • Consume fibre rich foods like vegetables, sprouts and fruits
  • Include probiotic foods in your diet
  • Include simple physical exercises like walking in your routine

Also check, Fibre rich foods to prevent constipation

4. Acid reflux

Up to half of pregnant women will experience acid reflux when they reach their third trimester. Due to pregnancy-related hormonal imbalances,  the muscle between the oesophagus and stomach relaxes throughout pregnancy. Also, the pressure on the stomach also grows as the uterus expands. Acid reflux is likely to occur because of these issues.

Tips to manage acid reflux or heartburn

  • Instead of eating three full meals, eat small meals when you are hungry.
  • Don’t eat quickly
  • Avoid fried or spicy foods 
  • Don’t consume citrus fruits or juice.
  • Restrict your caffeine (coffee or tea) intake.

Also check, Home remedies for acid reflux

5. Bloating

Hormonal changes during pregnancy are one potential reason for bloating. As a result of the womb’s relaxation caused by pregnancy hormones, digestion is slowed. Bloating can be frequently associated with frequent belching and constipation.

Tips to manage bloating

  • Increase the fluid intake 
  • Consume fibre rich foods like vegetables, sprouts and fruits
  • Include probiotic foods in your diet
  • Avoid drinking fizzy drinks
  • Avoid gassy foods (some millets and legumes)

Also check, Foods that cause bloating

Foods that help to manage gastrointestinal issues

1.Probiotic foods

Yogurt is one of the best sources of probiotics, which helps in strengthening the digestive tract and also promotes gut health. It is high in protein, calcium, vitamins and also probiotics which can enhance the good bacteria in the gut. Yogurt is the best food for gut health.

Also check, Foods to increase breast size


Kefir is a fermented milk drink similar to a thin yogurt that is made from kefir grains, which are high in good bacteria. The process of making is similar to yogurt, but the fermentation process in Kefir is for 24 hours. The result is not a sour curd, but rather a tasty one. You can also load it up with nuts, seeds and also berries to make a shake high in antioxidants, probiotics and prebiotics.

Also check, 12 Best foods to increase breast milk quality


People have been using fermentation techniques from ages to boost food’s shelf life and to increase its nutritive values. It’s a process through which microorganisms like yeast and bacteria convert the carbohydrates in the food to acids, which act as a natural preservative and also promotes the growth of good bacteria. They are the best food to treat gastrointestinal issues. Some fermented foods are kimchi, made from fermented vegetables such as radish and cabbage; it’s a popular Korean dish. Miso is a Japanese seasoning, made from fermented soybeans. Sauerkraut is a traditional food of Europe and made from fermenting finely chopped cabbage. Traditional buttermilk is the leftover liquid you can get during the making of butter and also contains lots of probiotics.

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Cheese is good for gut health. There are many kinds of cheese which are prepared by fermentation, but all do not contain probiotics. Only soft cheeses made up of unpasteurized milk, such as cheddar, mozzarella and also Swiss are rich in probiotics. The longer the cheese ages the more beneficial bacteria develops in it for your gut health.

Also check, How age affects libido in women?


Kanji is a popular Indian fermented drink, which contains lots of gut friendly bacteria (probiotics) which aids in digestion and also reduces bloating, gas and promotes a healthy gut. It has a tangy, spice and tart flavor. In India, it is used as a detox drink after festival binge eating, which helps in gastrointestinal issues. However, there are many ways of making kanji, the most popular is carrot kanji. It is made by fermenting carrots along with salt, mustard seeds and asafoetida (heeng).

Also check,What are some foods for healthy gut


It has prebiotic effects which strengthen gut flora, that help with fat breakdown and boost your immune system and improve digestion. Onion is also rich in antioxidants called flavonoids quercetin which help fight free radicals. Onion is also rich in vitamin C, B vitamins like folate (B9), pyridoxine (B6) and potassium, which aids in metabolism, red blood cell production and nerve function.

Also check, Home remedy to cure cough using onion?


Garlic is a prebiotic that is naturally high in inulin, a type of non- digestible carbohydrate that feeds the good bacteria in your gut and restrict disease causing bacteria from growing at the same time. Pickled garlic is best for gut health.

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Apart from being rich in nutrients like potassium, magnesium, calcium and Vitamin B9, it also has prebiotic effects and a small amount of inulin. Banana is high in fiber and prebiotics, both of which support smooth digestion.

Also check, 7 super nutritious foods for weight gain

Sprouted grains:

The concentration of fiber increases in sprouted grains. Fiber is one of the most important components for maintaining gut health. Fiber nourishes the good bacteria in the gut and also promotes elimination and detoxification of the colon.

Also check, What is the need to sprout grains?


Apple has outstanding health benefits as it is rich in fiber, Vitamin C, antioxidants and potassium. It has pectin, a type of soluble fiber, which has prebiotic effects and also promotes healthy gut microbiota. Pectin increases butyrate, a short chain fatty acid that feeds beneficial gut bacteria and also decreases the population of harmful bacteria.

Also check, Benefits of apple and banana for kids

3. Nuts and seeds

Nuts and seeds are entirely healthy to eat during pregnancy when consumed in moderation. During pregnancy, it is advised that you limit your intake of nuts and seeds to no more than 100 grams per day. For example, you could consume four to seven almond pieces, around four walnut halves, few seeds and roughly eight pistachios at once. However, if you consume them excessively, you could have health issues like gastrointestinal problems and also excessive weight gain.

Also check, Best nuts and seeds for protein


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How Gut Health Affects Diabetes?

Diabetes in - Iyurved

It’s ALARMING!! Diabetes is anticipated to rise from 40.6 million in 2006 to 79.4 million by 2030 in India alone.  According to studies, the incidence of diabetes in urban Indian people is approximately 12.1%. Body weight, sedentary lifestyle, genetic impact, heredity, eating habits, stress, hormonal status, infections and antibiotics, and lifestyle changes related to urbanization are all risk factors for developing diabetes among Indians. These factors, however, appear to be extremely important for the formation of bacterial microflora in the gut.


The importance of the gut microbiome has been stated since early life. The intestinal flora is the largest organ, consisting of thousands of bacterial species that have intricate relationships with various body functions. The collection of bacteria has positive effects on behaviourappetiteimmunity (avoiding frequent infection in kids), digestive health and metabolism. Dietary habits play an important role in shaping these healthy gut microflora. Through a beneficial balance of the microbiota, this simple dietary modification may slow the development of diabetes disease and its complications. Prebiotic foods have a huge impact on human health, including improvements in diabetes metabolic imbalance, preventive and therapeutic control.

How does diabetes develop?

Diabetes develops when the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin to regulate the body’s carbohydrate metabolism and fails to absorb glucose from the bloodstream. When a person develops diabetes, the cells do not respond adequately to the hormone insulin. This causes the body’s blood sugar level to rise.

How does the gut help to maintain blood sugar levels?

Well, this is not rocket science to understand. To put in simple terms, changes in our gut microorganisms have an impact on our body metabolism, resulting in metabolic disorders. These disorders such as obesity or diabetes decrease the ability to maintain required blood glucose levels in the body. Recent studies found that people with diabetes had a distinct bacterial signature from those who did not. Similarly, scientific studies indicate gut alterations as a new strategy to controlling blood sugar levels.

Even after being diagnosed with diabetes, many people’s carbohydrate intake exceeds the limits, making it difficult for the body to consume enough dietary fibre. This fibre is essential for maintaining a healthy gut because it not only aids in healthy bowel functions but also regulates blood sugar levels, which helps to control diabetes. Several recent studies found that prebiotic fibre promotes the growth of healthy gut bacteria, which produce chemical signals that regulate appetite and blood sugar levels.


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Guar gum is a fiber made from guar bean or Indian cluster bean. Studies shows that guar gum can help diabetics improve their glycemic control and lower their serum LDL cholesterol levels. This gum powder aids in the slowing of carbohydrate absorption, making it an appealing option for diabetes management. While partially hydrolyzed guar gum is derived from guar gum by the process of enzymatic hydrolysis. PHGG is a water soluble dietary fiber and is used to regulate gut function. 

2. Fructooligosaccharides (FOS):

It are composed of short fructose chains. They are a type of carbohydrate called oligosaccharides. FOS occurs naturally in many plants. Several recent studies found that prebiotic fibre promotes the growth of healthy gut bacteria, which produce chemical signals that regulate appetite and blood sugar levels.


This acid is the weak organic acid found in the greatest amount in citrus fruits. The primary reason for including this in any packaged foods is for its tangy flavor. Apart from that, citric acid has been linked to a variety of health benefits, including diabetes. Overall, the findings imply that citrate may contribute to the health benefits of fresh fruits in diabetic patients’ diets, and that supplementing with citrate may be beneficial in the management of diabetes and its complications.

4. ORANGE and lemon EXTRACT:

These two extracts can assist you in efficiently controlling your blood sugar levels. If you have diabetes, you can have orange or lemon extract in your diet in moderation. Moreover, it also contain vitamin C , which is benefits in minimizing glucose strikes after meal and decreases the blood glucose levels.


Stevia is one of the Alternatives of sugar made up of the leaves of a stevia plant, a kind of herb. It’s extremely sweet and safe in its natural form. It has no carbohydrates, calories or any artificial ingredients and a very low glycemic index, so does not spike your blood sugar level.

6. Papaya:

The nutritional value of papaya demonstrates that, despite its sweet taste, it is high in fibre and very low in sugar, making it a good snacking alternative for diabetics. The GI of papaya is medium. Papaya, when consumed in moderation, may help to reduce blood sugar levels. Papaya may have a hypoglycemic effect on the body, according to certain findings. Flavonoids are antioxidants present naturally in the fruit that may help regulate blood sugar levels.


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What are the Foods for Healthy Skin? 

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“No beauty cream will make your skin beautiful if you don’t start eating healthy”. Our skin is the body’s largest organ, and it is subjected to a variety of chemical, physical, bacterial, and fungal strikes. We are all aware that probiotics and prebiotic can help with a variety of health issues, either directly or indirectly. Another surprising aspect is that these probiotics and prebiotic have a high potential for preventing and treating skin-related issues such as dryness or eczema, acne, ageing, skin hypersensitivity, UV damage, or allergic inflammation. Let us find out how probiotics and prebiotic acts as foods for healthy skin.

Every person’s skin requires a steady, balanced microbiota. There’s a significant probability your microbiome is out of balance if your skin isn’t looking or feeling as healthy and fresh as it used to. Everyone, especially those with a damaged skin barrier or sensitivity, can benefit from the beneficial assistance that prebiotics provide.

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What are probiotics?

Probiotics are live bacteria naturally occurring in food that are good for you, your digestion and your GUT. These are those good bacteria that help you fight off diseases causing bad bacteria and restore the balance of both. Food habits, stress, lifestyle and antibiotics, all of them impact the gut health of your body. 

Also check here: What are probiotic foods for gut health?

What are prebiotics?

Prebiotics are a type of dietary fiber that humans cannot digest but the gut bacteria can. Prebiotic is a source of food for your gut’s friendly bacteria. It is a food which does not get fully digested in the body and reaches the large intestine (commonly known as GUT). The good bacteria in the large intestine eat this food and flourishes.

Prebiotics should not be confused with probiotics. Each has their separate role in the battle for better gut health, where probiotics are the friendly bacteria, prebiotics in foods are food for these bacteria.

Also check here: Understand the role of prebiotics in foods for health

how pre-probiotic foods are for healthy skin:

Each part of your body has its own microbiome, which is made up largely of beneficial viruses, fungi, and bacteria. Bacteria can aid in the promotion of skin health by preventing infections from becoming more serious. When the environment becomes unbalanced, it can lead to a variety of skin problems. This is when microbiome skin care enters the picture. According to current studies, pre and probiotics can aid in the prevention and treatment of a variety of skin disorders.

1. Acne:

As we age, the pH of our skin rises, which disrupts the skin barrier, causing it to dry out and allowing more bad bacteria to grow. Apart from this, hyperkeratinization, excess sebum production and bacteria colonization are also responsible for acne formation. When it comes to acne, it is critical to soothe the inflammation, keep the skin hydrated, consume foods for healthy skin and improve the skin barrier. Prebiotics are an effective treatment for certain types of acne breakouts. Probiotics aid in the removal of acne-causing bacteria from the skin, while prebiotics aid in the completion of the task. Aside from that, research shows that certain probiotics help to increase the skin’s ceramide (lipid) production, which traps moisture and keeps the skin hydrated, as well as improve the skin’s barrier functions and bacteria levels.

2. Ageing and UV radiation:

Many intrinsic factors, such as genetics and hormones, as well as extrinsic factors, such as environmental, stress, diet, and lifestyle, contribute to skin ageing. The changes in skin ageing include an increase in skin pH and a decreased ability to quench reactive oxygen species. Healthy, normal skin has a slightly acidic pH in the range of 4.2-5.6, which helps to prevent pathogenic bacterial colonization, regulate enzyme activity, and maintain a moisture-rich environment. A few topical probiotics improve moisture absorption and help to delay the signs of ageing. Lactic acid, one of the probiotics, reduces wrinkles, tightens pores, and exfoliates the skin. This, in turn, aids in the improvement of dull skin and the nourishing of sun-damaged skin.

3. Strengthen the Skin Barrier: 

We’ve seen what these beneficial microorganisms can do for your skin. Apart from that, prebiotics play a significant role in protecting and strengthening our skin barrier. In your skin’s microbiome, you’ll find the good bacteria that play a key part in maintaining a healthy barrier function. Probiotics help to maintain a healthy balance of bacteria in the skin microbiome, which helps to strengthen and protect your skin barrier. A robust skin barrier protects against UV rays, pollution, and other factors. In addition, probiotics also minimize the risk of infection and increase the skin’s barrier capabilities against harmful germs, pollutants, and free radical damage.

4. Soothes Skin: 

Prebiotics have a number of beneficial features, including the ability to relieve skin irritation, rash, redness, and inflammation. These are mild and help to improve sensitive skin. Ceramide levels are lower in those with eczema, thus replenishing them is crucial. Pre and probiotics have been shown in studies to aid with eczema relief and skin suppleness.

5. Promote Healthy Scalp:

Yes! Yes, you read that correctly. These beneficial bacteria not only keep the skin healthy, but also the scalp. Probiotics aid in the relief of irritations and the restoration of hair health. One study found that consuming probiotics led to thicker, shinier, and glossy hair.

Overall, prebiotics and probiotics have a strong relationship with your skin and hair. Probiotics, or beneficial bacteria, maintain the skin and hair healthy, while prebiotics assist these bacteria in doing their duties without fail. Consumption of these foods (Probiotics and Prebiotic) on a regular basis helps in maintaining healthy skin.


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