The most talked about and most common skin ailment on the globe is dry skin. It can affect any part of the body, but our face skin is particularly vulnerable. In many cases, treatment for dry skin includes simple lifestyle changes and over-the-counter moisturizers will suffice.
Dry skin is defined by a lack of moisture in the epidermis, or top layer of the skin. Lipids and protein make up the epidermis, which helps to keep the skin hydrated. When these proteins and lipids are deficient in our skin, moisture from the skin evaporates quickly, resulting in dry skin.
The symptoms of dry skin usually include cracked skin, itching, flakiness, redness, grey or ashy skin and stretched skin. Before knowing the treatments, let us understand the causes of dry skin.
What are the causes of dry skin?
The absolute cause of dry skin is quite unidentified. But it is alleged to be triggered by some environmental, genetic, atopic conditions.
- Weather conditions – cold weather
- Using extreme hot water for bathing
- Dry air
- Exposure to harsh skin care products
- Medical conditions (diabetes, eczema)
- Unbalanced skin Ph
- Harsh skin scrubbing or scratching
How to get rid of dry skin naturally?
There are the big hitters in the realm of moisturizing skin-care ingredients that you’ve probably heard of. These are few natural ingredients that helps in treatment for dry skin help:
1. Aloe vera:
This ingredient is an all-rounder and works great for alleviating dry skin. The mucopolysaccharides present help in binding moisture to the skin. Aloe vera gets absorbed easily in the skin and helps in retaining moisture and improving skin integrity.
This humectant is a dry skin superhero. Glycerin has antimicrobial properties and is well suited for almost all types of skin. It helps minimize the water loss in your skin and balances the skin Ph. Additionally, it draws moisture to the skin and creates a protective layer which helps in keeping the skin healthy and glowing. In skin care products, glycerin is majorly used as occlusive that traps moisture in the skin. Few studies show that glycerin is the most effective humectant.
3. Papaya extract:
This fruit extract is indeed a boon in treating dry skin It contains antioxidants, enzymes (papain), and vitamin A, all of which aid in the treatment of dry, flaky skin. Furthermore, this nutrient-dense fruit extract revitalizes the skin, keeping it soft, vibrant, and luminous.
4. Psidium Guajava (Guava):
Guava contains a variety of antioxidants and vitamins. It aids in the protection of your skin from harm. Guava fruit extract, in addition to its health benefits, aids in skin hydration when applied to the skin. Moreover, as guava has antimicrobial properties it may reduce the inflammation caused by dry skin.
For centuries, licorice has been used for skin treatments along with its benefits for health. Licorice has skin smoothing properties. It is an effective agent when it comes to treat dry skin or even atopic dermatitis (a type of eczema). The active compound of licorice, glycyrrhetinic acid, helps in reducing skin dryness severity by alleviating irritation and redness. It also helps in regulating the oil production in the skin.
6. Hydrolysed rice protein:
This type of rice protein improves the ability of the skin to bind moisture. Thus, developing flexibility and strength. Hydrolyzed rice protein aids in retaining skin’s moisture is an valuable cosmetic ingredient. It contains vitamin E, starch, and amino acids, which keep the skin hydrated and provide a protective barrier.
7. Sodium hyaluronate:
This hydrophilic ingredient extracted from Hyaluronic Acid (HA) is hydrophilic in nature. Sodium hyaluronate when applied to the skin topically draws moisture to the skin and retains it. It also helps in repairing the compromised moisture barrier and plums the skin up. According to the studies, sodium hyaluronate provides greater hydrating effects than HA.
Scientific research on ingredients that help with dry skin:
- How Aloe Vera helps for skin hydration. Read here.
- How Glycerin is an effective humectant for dry skin. Read here.
- Skin smoothening and hydrating properties of Licorice. Read here.
- How Sodium hyaluronate provides greater hydrating effects than HA. Read here.
Tips: Care for dry skin on face:
Along with the use of the above mentioned ingredients for reducing dry ski, here are a few tips that can help you this winter (and year round too).
- Moisturize daily (twice or thrice or whenever dryness occurs)
- Avoid going near strong heat sources
- Use lukewarm water for bathing
- Limit the bathing time
- Dry yourself well
- Reducing stress
- Avoid scrubbing and scratching
- Identify your triggers and avoid them
- Cut fingernails often
- Use gentle skin care products
- Avoid chemical products
- Avoid tight fitting clothing
- Wear soft cotton clothes
- Take extra care in winters
- Clean yourself thoroughly when sweating a lot
- Avoid dust and mites too
- Drink adequate amount of water
WHICH INGREDIENTS TO AVOID?
Despite the fact that every skin care product claims to reduce dry skin, there are a few skin care chemicals that must be avoided. When taken for an extended period of time, they can cause serious harm. Therefore, when looking for a solution to help dry skin, it’s important to do your research. Some cosmetics contain substances that are potentially detrimental to your skin and health. Here are a few to mention:
- Liquid Bleach
HOW TO READY STEADY GLOW YOUR FACE?
Although vitamin C is generally accepted by all skin types, a patch test is required before usage to identify allergies or danger. Here’s how to get started:
- Cleans your face well and pat dry.
- Apply a small amount of vitamin c with the help of the dropper to the affected area
- Massage gently (in the circular of upward direction)
- Leave it to fully absorb by the skin
- Lastly, apply sunscreen